Question: Does Gilbert Hunt's book ''The Late War'' contain rare phrases that do not appear in other works but only appear in the Book of Mormon?

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Question: Does Gilbert Hunt's book The Late War contain rare phrases that do not appear in other works but only appear in the Book of Mormon?

Chris and Duane Johnson claim the following regarding certain phrases found in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War:

These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible. The strength of the argument that The Book of Mormon is a remix of The Late War rests on the cumulative improbability of finding all of these phrases somewhere else. No other book, aside from The First Book of Napoleon, approaches the density of rare phrases (4grams, specifically) that are shared by The Book of Mormon.


Question: Is the phrase "a mock and a bye-word among all nations" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [1]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics note that "mock" is synonymous with "hiss," and removed "and be hated" from the Book of Mormon

  • The Late War 2:9: "a mock and a bye-word among all nations"
  • Book of Mormon 1 Nephi 19:14: "a hiss and a by-word, and be hated among all nations"

The core phrase "a byword, among all nations" is not rare

  • Deuteronomy 28:37: "a byword, among all nations"
  • 2 Chronicles 7:20: "a byword among all nations"

If we expand the definition, as the critics did, to include synonymous words "nations," "heathen," and "people,"we find several other instances of the phrase

  • Psalms 44:14: "a byword among the heathen, a shaking of the head among the people"
  • Job 17:6: "a byword of the people"
  • 1 Kings 9:7: "a byword among all people"


Question: Is the phrase "he hearkened unto the counsel of the wicked one" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [2]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics note that "counsel" is synonymous with "words," and "the wicked one" is synonymous with "Laman" and "evil one"

  • The Late War 3:33-34: "he hearkened unto the counsel of the wicked one"
  • Book of Mormon 1 Nephi 3:28: "he hearkened unto the words of Laman"
  • Book of Mormon 2 Nephi 9:28: "evil one...hearken not unto the counsel of God"

The core phrase "hearken unto the" or "hearken unto the words" is not rare

  • Jeremiah 37:2: "hearken unto the words of the Lord"
  • Deuteronomy 13:3: "hearken unto the words of that prophet"

The core phrase "unto the counsel" does not occur in the Bible

The unique core phrase is "unto the counsel," which does appear in both The Late War and the Book of Mormon. the phrase does appear in "The Summons of the Lord of Hosts" in the Bahai Reference Library, "Tablet to Queen Victoria"

O ye rulers of the earth! Wherefore have ye clouded the radiance of the Sun, and caused it to cease from shining? Hearken unto the counsel given you by the Pen of the Most High, that haply both ye and the poor may attain unto tranquillity and peace. We beseech God to assist the kings of the earth to establish peace on earth. He, verily, doth what He willeth.[3]

If we expand the definition, as the critics did, to include synonymous words "counsel" and "words" with "prayer," "commandments," "voice," and "cry," we find several other instances of the phrase

  • 1 Kings 8:28: "hearken unto the cry and to the prayer"
  • 2 Chronicles 6:19: "hearken unto the cry and the prayer"
  • Judges 3:4: "hearken unto the commandments of the Lord"
  • Psalms 5:2: "Hearken unto the voice of my cry"
  • Deuteronomy 15:5: hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God"
  • Deuteronomy 30:10: "hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God"
  • Deuteronomy 28:13: hearken unto the commandments of the Lord thy God"
  • 1 Kings 8:29: "hearken unto the prayer"
  • Deuteronomy 28:15: "hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God"
  • 2 Chronicles 6:20: "hearken unto the prayer"
  • Deuteronomy 17:12: "hearken unto the priest"


Question: Is the phrase "it came to pass, that they gathered together" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [4]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics note that "chief captain" is synonymous with "king"

  • The Late War 53:4: "it came to pass, that they gathered together...chief captain"
  • Book of Mormon Alma 2:9: "it came to pass that they gathered themselves together...king."
  • Book of Mormon Alma 27:14: "it came to pass that they gathered together"

The core Book of Mormon phrase "they gathered themselves together" is not rare, since it is found multiple times in the Bible

  • Joshua 9:2: That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord.
  • 2 Samuel 10:15: "they gathered themselves together"
  • 2 Chronicles 15:10: "So they gathered themselves together at Jerusalem"
  • Numbers 20:2: "and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron"
  • Numbers 16:3: "And they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron"

The core phrase "they gathered together" in not rare

  • Psalms 140:2: "they gathered together for war"
  • 1 Samuel 7:6: "they gathered together to Mizpeh"

The phrase "chief captain" occurs frequently in both the Bible and the Book of Mormon in the context of a "military leader," but is never synonymous with "king"

  • Alma 43:16: "chief captain over the Nephites"
  • Alma 43:44: "Zerahemnah, who was their chief captain"
  • Alma 43:17: "chief captain over the armies of the Nephites"
  • Alma 57:29: "Now Gid was the chief captain over the band"
  • Alma 61:2: "Moroni, the chief captain over the army"
  • Alma 60:36: "I am Moroni, your chief captain"
  • Genesis 26:26: "Phichol the chief captain of his army"
  • Genesis 21:22: "Phichol the chief captain of his host"
  • Acts 22:26: "he went and told the chief captain"
  • Acts 22:27: "the chief captain came"
  • Acts 22:28: "the chief captain answered"
  • Acts 24:7: "the chief captain Lysias came upon us"
  • Acts 21:32: "they saw the chief captain and the soldiers"
  • Acts 21:33: "Then the chief captain came near"
  • Acts 21:37: "he said unto the chief captain, May I speak unto thee?"
  • Acts 23:17: "Bring this young man unto the chief captain"
  • Acts 23:19: "Then the chief captain took him by the hand"
  • Acts 23:22: "So the chief captain then let the young man depart"
  • Acts 22:24: "The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle"


Question: Is the phrase "and a part thereof" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [5]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must include the common phrase "and a"

  • The Late War 40:3: "And a part thereof moved towards Plattsburgh, on lake Champlain"
  • Book of Mormon Jacob 5:45: "and a part thereof, brought forth wild fruit"

The core phrase "part thereof" is not rare, since it is found multiple times in the Bible

  • Isaiah 44:16: "with part thereof he eateth flesh"
  • Numbers 18:29: "of all the best thereof, even the hallowed part thereof out of it"
  • Leviticus 27:13: "he shall add a fifth part thereof unto thy estimation"
  • Leviticus 27:31: "he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof"
  • Leviticus 22:14: "then he shall put the fifth part thereof unto it"
  • Numbers 5:7: "and add unto it the fifth part thereof"


Question: Is the phrase "about twenty and four" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [6]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must only look at the word "about" used with the number "twenty and four"

  • The Late War 19:11: "about twenty and four furlongs"
  • Book of Mormon, Mormon 1:3: "Therefore, when ye are about twenty and four years old"

This method of writing numbers is common in the Bible

  • Nehemiah 9:1: "Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month"
  • 2 Kings 14:2: "He was twenty and five years old"
  • Nehemiah 11:14: "an hundred twenty and eight"
  • 2 Chronicles 25:1: "Amaziah was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and nine years"
  • John 6:19: "about five and twenty or thirty furlongs"
  • Ezekiel 8:16: "about five and twenty men"
  • Joshua 15:32: "all the cities are twenty and nine"
  • Judges 10:2: "And he judged Israel twenty and three years"
  • 2 Chronicles 13:21: "Abijah waxed mighty, and married fourteen wives, and begat twenty and two sons"
  • Mark 6:7: "by two and two"
  • 2 Chronicles 33:21: "Amon was two and twenty years old"
  • 1 Kings 14:20: "were two and twenty years"
  • 2 Kings 10:14: "even two and forty men"


Question: Is the phrase "and slew seven of" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [7]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must stick to the number "seven of"

  • The Late War 21:33: "and slew seven of"
  • Book of Mormon, Alma 18:16: "and slew seven of"

Similar phrases are found in the Bible - only the numbers are different

  • 2 Kings 10:7: "and slew seventy persons"
  • Judges 20:45: "and slew two thousand men"
  • Esther 9:15: "and slew three hundred men"


Question: Is the phrase "and wist not what" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [8]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must append the word "and" to it

  • The Late War 15:36: "another, and wist not what to say"
  • Book of Mormon, Helaman 9:30, 3: "and wist not what to say"
  • Book of Mormon, Nephi 11:8: "another, and wist not what"

Similar phrases are found in the Bible

  • Mark 9:6: "he wist not what to say"
  • Exodus 16:15: "they wist not what it was"


Question: Is the phrase "your women and your children" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [9]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must limit the phrase to "women"

  • The Late War 43:6: "your women and your children"
  • Book of Mormon, Alma 7:27: "your women and your children"

Similar phrases are found in the Bible which associate family members and children

  • 2 Chronicles 30:9: "your brethren and your children"
  • Deuteronomy 3:19: "your wives, and your little ones"
  • Deuteronomy 29:11: "Your little ones, your wives"
  • Psalms 115:14: "you and your children"
  • Exodus 22:24: "widows, and your children"

The Book of Mormon also has variations on the same phrase

  • Jacob 2:7: "your wives and your children"
  • 3 Nephi 18:21: "your wives and your children"


Question: Is the phrase "were compelled to flee before" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [10]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must equate the synonyms "compelled" and "obliged"

  • The Late War 7:26: "were compelled to flee before the arms of Columbia"
  • Book of Mormon, Alma 59:8: "were obliged to flee before them"

The core phrase "to flee before" appears many times in the Book of Mormon, with the qualifier "obliged" only occurring once

  • Alma 2:18: "began to flee before them"
  • Ether 14:27: "began to flee before the armies of Coriantumr"
  • Alma 43:50: "began to flee before them"
  • Mormon 2:16: "begin to flee before the Lamanites"
  • Ether 15:10: "caused them to flee before them"
  • Alma 2:35: "began to flee before them"
  • Alma 59:8: "were obliged to flee before them"
  • Alma 17:37: "began to flee before him"
  • Ether 9:31: "began to flee before the poisonous serpents"


Question: Is the phrase "to come out against" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [11]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must include the word "prepared," and ignore the intermediate phrase "himself to assist Prevost on a certain day appointed. When he was.."

  • The Late War 46:9-10: "prepared himself to assist Prevost on a certain day appointed. When he was to come out against "
  • Book of Mormon, Alma 58:16: "preparations to come out against"

The core phrase "come out against" appears multiple times in the Bible

  • Judges 9:33: "come out against"
  • Numbers 20:18: "come out against"
  • Deuteronomy 28:7: "come out against"
  • Joshua 8:5: "come out against"


Question: Is the phrase "they were like unto" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [12]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must include the word "they"

  • The Late War 17:17: " they were like unto"
  • Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi 2:13: " they were like unto"

The core phrase "were like unto" appears multiple times in the Bible

  • Revelation 9:7: "shapes of the locusts were like unto"
  • Revelation 9:19: "their tails were like unto"
  • Jeremiah 52:22: "the pomegranates were like unto"


Question: Is the phrase "they were astonished beyond measure" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [13]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must remove the word "all" from the Book of Mormon phrase

  • The Late War 33:30: "they were astonished beyond measure"
  • Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi 2:13: "they were astonished beyond all measure"

The core phrase "they were astonished ... measure" appears in the Bible with the synonym "out of" in place of "beyond"

  • Mark 10:26: "they were astonished out of measure"



Question: Is the phrase "they humbled themselves and" in Gilbert Hunt's The Late War a "rare phrase"?

The critics note that "These phrases are rare—meaning that they are not found in other contemporary books of Joseph's time, and that they are not found in the King James Version of the bible" [14]

Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/

In order to make this a "rare phrase," the critics must include the word "and"

  • The Late War 15:22: "they humbled themselves, and"
  • Book of Mormon, Alma 5:13: "they humbled themselves, and"

The core phrase "they humbled themselves" appears in the Bible

  • 2 Chronicles 12:7: "they humbled themselves"



Notes

  1. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  2. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  3. "Tablet to Queen Victoria," Bahai Reference Library, http://reference.bahai.org/en/t/b/SLH/slh-8.html
  4. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  5. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  6. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  7. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  8. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  9. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  10. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  11. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  12. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  13. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/
  14. Chris Johnson, Duane Johnson, ""A Comparison of The Book of Mormon and The Late War Between the United States and Great Britain," http://wordtreefoundation.github.io/thelatewar/