Times and Seasons/1/10

Table of Contents

Times and Seasons: Volume 1, Number 10

Summary:Source document in Mormon Publications: 19th and 20th Centuries online archive: Times and Seasons Vol. 1

Times and Seasons: Volume 1, Number 10

Jump to Subtopic:

TIMES AND SEASONS
"TRUTH WILL PREVAIL"
Volume I. No. 10.] NAUVOO, ILLINOIS, AUGUST, 1840 [Whole No. 10.

A HISTORY, OF THE PERSECUTION, OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST, OF LATTER DAY SAINTS IN MISSOURI. CONTINUED.

While these things were carrying on, in and about Far West, scenes still more horrid and soul thrilling, were going on, in another part of the county, at a place called Haun's Mill, because a man of that name built a mill there. We will give it from the testimony of eye witnesses. We will give it from the testimony of three, who have testified to it; that is, Joseph Young and his wife; and David Lewis. We also, have the testimony of Mrs. A. Smith, whose husband, and a little son of nine years of age, were killed, and also a younger boy wounded. But wishing to bring our account into as narrow limits as possible, we omit inserting it.

Here follows the testimony of Joseph Young, and his wife, transcribed from their own hand writing.

The following is a short history of my travels to the State of Missouri, and of a bloody tragedy acted at Haun's Mills, on Shoal Creek, October 30th, 1838. On the 6th day of July last, I started with my family from Kirtland, Ohio, for the State of Missouri; the county of Caldwell, in the upper part of the State, being the place of my destination.

On the 13th of October, I crossed the Mississippi at Louisana [Louisiana] at which place I heard vague reports of the disturbances in the upper country; but nothing that could be relied upon. I continued my course westward till I crossed grand river at a place called Compton's ferry, at which place I heard for the first time, that I would be in danger of being stopped by a body of armed men. I was not willing however, while treading my native soil, and breathing republican air, to abandon my object; which was, to locate myself and family, in a fine healthy country, where we could enjoy the society of our friends and connexions [connections]. Consequently, I prosecuted my journey, till I came to Whitney's mills, situated on Shoal Creek, in the eastern part of Caldwell county. After crossing the creek, and going about three miles, we met a party of the mob, about forty in number, armed with rifles and mounted on horses, who informed us, that we could go no farther west; threatening us with instant death if we proceeded any further. I asked them the reason of this prohibition, to which they replied that we were Mormons, and that every one who adhered to our religious faith would have to leave the State in ten days or renounce their religion. Accordingly they drove us back to the mills above mentioned. Here we tarried three days, and on Friday the twenty-sixth, we recrossed the creek, and following up its banks, we succeeded in eluding the mob, for the time being, and gained the residence of a friend, in Myers' settlement. On Sunday 28th of October. we arrived about noon at Haun's mills; where we found a number of our friends collected together, who were holding a council, and deliberating on the best course for them to pursue, to defend themselves against the mob, who were collecting in the neighborhood, under the command of Col. Jennings of Livingston; and threatening them with house burning and killing. The decision of the council was, that our friends there, should place themselves in an attitude of self-defence [defense].

Accordingly, about twenty eight of our men, armed themselves and were in constant readiness for an attack of any small body of men that might come upon them. The same evening, for some cause best known to themselves, the mob sent one of their number, to enter into a treaty with our friends; which was accepted of, on the condition of mutual forbearance on both sides, and that each party, as far as their influence extended, should exert themselves to prevent any further



145


________________________________________


hostilities upon either party. At this time however, there was another mob collecting on Grand river, at William Mann's, who were threatening us; consequently we remained under arms on Monday the 29th, which passed away without molestation from any quarter, On Tuesday the 30th, that bloody tragedy was acted; the scenes of which, I shall never forget.

More than three fourths of the day had passed in tranquility [tranquillity], as smiling as the preceding one. I think there was no individual of our company that was apprized [apprised] of the sudden and awful fate that hung over our heads like an overwhelming torrent, to change the prospects, the feelings, and circumstances of about thirty families. The banks of shoal Creek, on either side, teemed with children sporting and playing, while their mothers were engaged in domestic employments, and their fathers, employed in guarding the mills and other property; while others were engaged in gathering in their crops for their winter consumption. The weather was very pleasant; the sun shone clear; all was tranquil, and no one expressed any apprehensions of the awful crisis that was near us, even at our doors.

It was about 4 o'clock, while sitting in my cabin, with my babe in my arms, and my wife standing by my side, the door being open, I cast my eyes on the oppisite [opposite] bank of Shoal Creek, and saw a large company of armed men on horses, directing their course towards the mills, with all possible speed. As they advanced through the scattering trees that stood on the edge of the prairy [prairie], they seemed to form themselves into a three square position, forming a van guard in front. At this moment David Evans, seeing the superiority of their numbers (there being two hundred and forty of them, according to their own account) swung his hat and cried for peace. This not being heeded, they continued to advance, and their leader Mr. Comstock, fired a gun, which was followed by a solemn pause of ten, or twelve seconds, when all at once they discharged about one hundred rifles, aiming at a black smith's shop, into which our friends had fled for safety: and charging up to the shop, the cracks of which, between the logs, were sufficiently large to enable them to aim directly at the bodies of those who had there fled for refuge from the fire of their murderers.-There were several families, tented in rear of the shop, whose lives were exposed, and amidst a shower of bullets, fled to the woods in different directions. After standing and gazing on this bloody scene for a few minutes, and finding myself in the utmost danger, the bullets having reached the house where I was living, I committed my family to the protection of heaven, and leaving the house on the opposite side, I took a path which led up the hill, following in the trail of three of my brethren that had fled from the shop. While ascending the hill, we were discovered by the mob, who immediately fired at us and continued so to do, till we reached the summit. In descending the hill, I secreted myself in a thicket of brushes, where I lay till eight o'clock in the evening, at which time I heard a female voice calling my name in an under tone, telling me that the mob had gone and there was no danger. I immediately left the thicket and went to the house of Benjamin Lewis, where I found my family (who had fled there) in safety, and two of my friends mortally wounded, one of whom, died before morning.

Here we passed that awful night in deep and painful reflections on the scenes of the preceding evening. After day light appeared, some four or five men with myself who had escaped with our lives from the horrid massacre, repaired as soon as possible, to the mills, to learn the condition of our friends whose fate, we had truly anticipated.

When we arrived at the house of M Haun, we found Mr. Merrick's body lying in the rear of the house, Mr. McBride's in front, literally mangled from head to foot. We were informed by Miss Rebecca Judd, who was an eye witness, that he was shot with his own gun, after he had given it up, and then was cut to pieces with an old corn cutter, by a Mr. Rogers of Daviess county, who keeps a ferry on Grand river, and who has since, repeatedly boasted of this act of savage barbarity, Mr. York's body we found in the house; and after viewing



146


________________________________________


these corpses we immdiately [immediately] went to the black-smith's shop where we found nine of our friends, eight of whom were already dead, the other, Mr. Cox of Indiana, struggling in the agonies of death and soon expired. We immediately prepared and carried them to a place of interment: This last office of kindness due to the relics of departed friends, was not attended with the customary ceremonis [ceremonies] nor decency: for we were in jeopardy, every moment expecting to be fired on by the mob, whom, we supposed were lying in ambush, waiting for the first opportunity to despatch the remaining few, who were providentially preserved from the slaughter of the preceding day. However, we accomplished without molestation this painful task. The place of burying, was a vault in the ground, formerly intended for a well, into which we threw the bodies of our friends promiscuously. Among those slain, I will mention Sardius Smith, son of Warren Smith, about nine years old, who, through, fear had crawled under the bellows in the shop, where he remained until the massacre was over, when he was discovered by a Mr. Glaze of Corrill County, who presented his rifle near the boy's head and literally blowed off the upper part of it. Mr. Stanley of Corrill, told me afterwards that Glaze boasted of this deed all over the County.

The number killed and mortally wounded in this wanton slaughter, was eighteen or nineteen, whose names, as far as I can recollect, were as follows: Thomas McBride Levi Merrick, Elias Benner, Josiah Fullor, Benjamin Lewis, Alexander Campbell, Warren Smith, Sardius Smith, George Richards, Mr. Napier, Mr. Harmar, Mr. Cox, Mr. Abbot, Mr. York, Wm. Merrick a boy 8 or 9 years old and three or four more, whose names I do not recollect, as they were strangers to me. Among the wounded who recovered, were Isaac Laney, who had six balls shot through him, two through his body, one through each arm, and the other two through his hips. Nathan K. Knight shot through the body; Mr. Yokum who was severely wounded, besides being shot through the head, Jacob Myers, -Myers, Tarlton Lewis, Mr. Haunn, and several others. Miss Mary Stedwell, while fleeing, was shot through the hand and fainting, fell over a log, into which, they shot upwards of twenty balls.

To finish their work of destruction, this band of murderers, composed of men from Daviess, Livingston, Ray, Caldwell, and Corrill Counties; led by some of the principal men of that section of the upper country, proceeded to rob the houses, wagons and tents, of bedding and clothing; drove off horsed and wagons, leaving widows and orphans destitute of the necessaries of life; and even striped the clothing, from the bodies of the slain!

According to their own account, they fired seven rounds in this awful massacre, making upwards of fifteen hundred shots at a little company of men of about thirty in number!

I certify the above, to be a true statement of facts relative to the above mentioned massacre according to my best recolection [recollection].

(Signed) JOSEPH YOUNG, JANE A. YOUNG

A short time previous to the massacre at Shoal creek, we made peace with the mob characters living near us, as declaration had been made by the leaders of the band, that all persons who would not take up arms against the society, should, with the Mormons, be driven out of the State; and thus drawing the division line so close that we thought it necessary to ascertain the feelings of our neighbors around us. We met them and an agreement was entered into between us, that we would live in peace, let others do as they would. A large number of our company living at the mill at that time, were immigrants who had just came into the place. On the first day of November 1838, without apprehending any danger whatever from the mob, we were visited by about three hundred mounted men, coming with great speed, and fell upon us with the ferocity of tigers. They were not discovered nntil [until] within one hundred and fifty yards of us. They immediately commenced firing upon us, without asking us to surrender, or giving us a chance to surrender, or even giving us to understand what they wanted, only as we were taught by the sound of guns, the groans of



147


________________________________________


the dying, and the screams of the women and children, being only about forty in number, and wholly unprepared to engage in any contest whatever. We were forced to take shelter under cover of an old log building, used as a black-smith's shop, which was neither chinked or mudded.

When men ran out and called for peace they were shot down; when they held up their hats and handkerchiefs and crying for mercy, they were shot down; when they attempted to run, they were cut down by the fire of guns; and when they stood still, they were shot down by putting their guns through the cracks of the building.-After pleading for mercy, and having none shown us, and seeing they were determined to slaughter us en masse, and many of our brethren slain around us, leaving our numbers but few, and seeing it was but death for us, we concluded to sell our lives as dear as possible, and soon commenced firing at the mob who were firing from all directions at us. But few of the mob were injured in consequence of their shielding themselves by trees and logs; women and children were equally brutally treated with the men, and found no place from the sympathies of these murderers. One woman by the name of Mary Steadwell was shot through the hand while holding it up in the attitude of defence [defense]. As she ran from the mob, others pierced her clothes; after running as far as she could, she threw herself behind a log, whilst a volley of balls poured after her, filling the log where she lay, twelve or fourteen of which were taken out and preserved for future generations to witness. Many other women had balls shot through their clothes, while fleeing into the woods with their children in their arms; others were brutally insulted and abused: One small boy was killed, having his brains blown out; and during the affray, two other boys, belonging to Warren Smith, (who was killed at the time,) who lay concealed from their view by being covered with blood and dead bodies of the slain. The elder of the boys, crying for mercy from his hiding place, was immediately put to death by putting the muzzle of a gun to the lad's ear and blowing off the top of his head. One of these savages who participated in this transaction, accosted his comrade, (while committing this horrid deed,) thus-"It is a damned pity to kill boys;" but was hushed by having the thought put into his head in reply, that "little sproughts [sprouts] soon became large trees" and if these boys were suffered to live, they, like their father, would be Mormons-a crime punishible [punishable] with death even before committed,-a faith now extant in Missouri, where it is supposed to have its birth, and it is hoped will have its burial. The other lad was supposed to have been killed, but they did not quite accomplish their object the younger receiving a wound in his hip which carried off his hip bone.-While the mob were in the shop, if they perceived life remaining in any of the wounded, while struggling in the agonies of death, they were immediately dispatched, at the same time plundering the pockets of the dead striping off their boots, shoes, and clothing. After the mob had learned that two men escaped with their lives would declare publicly, that if they got into another such affair they would inspect more closely by sticking their knives in their toes. This Massacre took place about sun an hour high, on Tuesday, and continued until seventeen were killed and fifteen wounded, the remaining few escaping.

Among those who attempted to escape, was a man by the name of Thomas McBride, a soldier and Patriot of the revolution and a Justice of the Peace. While making the best use of his tottering limbs and worn out frame for his escape, he was met in his retreat by a young man from Daviess county by the name of Jacob Rogers, who immediately demanded the old man's gun, which was delivered up, and was then shot down by said Rogers. This not killing the old man, he lifted his hands in the attitude of suplication [supplication] and begged for mercy, at the same time appealing to his silvery locks as adding still more force, and credit to his cries and tales of suffering, while in the defence [defense] of his country and the



148


________________________________________


constitution thereof. But the young man deaf to every thing but death and murder, regarded not the old man, but seizing an old corn cutter or piece of a sythe [scythe], commenced first to hew off the old man's fingers while holding them up for mercy, and the next cutting his hands from his arms, and then severing his arms form [from] his body, and last of all, laying open the skull and beheading the body of the poor sufferer who had fought and spilt his blood for the privileges enjoyed by his murderer.

There not being any men left, or not enough to bury the dead, the women were compelled to bury their husbands by throwing them into a well close to the black-smith shop. The next day after the massacre a large company of them came back blowing their bugle and firing their guns in an exulting manner. They carried off goods of all description, horses, wagons, and harnesses, stripping the horses and moving wagons of all the goods, furniture and clothing of any value, leaving the widows and orphans to suffer in that inclement season of the years. Cows, hogs, and horses were driven off in droves. They robbed the families of all their beds and bedding, and even took the widow's cloaks; the dead men striped of their clothing; also, another of the persons engaged in this horrid affair was a man by the name of Stephen Bunnels, who made his boasts, at public places, that he was the man who killed one of the little boys. This boasting has been made in the presence of the authorities of the state at Richmond, when innocent men were kept in chains for nothing but defending themselves, wives and children from such savages as these.

After this bloody affray was ended, a young man had crept from his hiding place and returned to the shop was sent to Far West to obtain assistance to bury the dead, (a distance of about 20 miles.) The young man arrived within two or three mile of Far West, where he met a company of men: he was asked where he was from and where he was going; and answering them correctly he was then asked if he knew where the militia were; he told them he did not know of any. They then told him to face about and go with them, and they would lead him where there were five or six thousand of them. He was then compelled to go to Ray county, and stopped at Samuel McCriston's that night. In the morning they robbed him of a fine fur cap, and ordered him to take off his overcoat, telling him it was too fine for a Mormon to wear. They then concluded to shoot him, and disputed among themselves who should do it. And some hard words and threats were used among themselves who should have the fine horse the young man rode. However they soon quit their dispute and Scarciel Woods, (a Presbyterian Preacher of long standing in Corrilton, the county seal of Corril county.) saddled the young man's horse, and rode him about for some time, as if trying him, to see if he would answer his purpose. This was also the same man who took the young man's cap, and his boy wears it now, or did the last information received from that quarter. After being thoroughly satisfied with riding the hores [horse], he dismounted and Samuel McCriston mounted and rode for some time, while Woods was equally engaged in the trial of another horse, which it appeared had been obtained in the same way in which they intended to get this.

McCriston rode off the horse and the young man was taken to Richmond, although he begged to be let loose that he might go and help the widows and children bury the dead at Haun's mill' still he was kept for many days a prisoner at Richmond, in Ray county.

The mobbing party here mentioned, consisted of nine persons, Scarcial Woods, (preacher) Joseph Ewing, (preacher) Jacob Snorden, Wiley Brewer, John Hills (preacher) and four more, their names not mentioned or known. After tormenting the young man all in their power, he was let go, and returned to mourn the loss of friends, without being able or privileged to pay the last debt of honor and respect to his murdered relatives.

A short time after this affair at Haun's mill, Capt. Nehemiah Comstock, the same who commanded a Massacre, with forty or fifty others, took possession of the mill for two or three weeks, and thus cut off all the resources of the widows and orphans who had



149


________________________________________


survived. During this time they lived on the best that the neighborhood could afford, plundering and stealing all the palatable food which had by the industry and prudence of murdered husbands, been laid in store for themselves and families.

They burned all the books that they could find, they shot the hogs and cattle, it seemed for pleasure of shooting game, as they did not consume near all they killed.

One day Capt. Comstock with a number of men went to Jacob Fauts, who was at the time laying confined with wounds received in the massacre. They came to question Mr. Fauts, to ascertain where certain of his neighbors were who had escaped the murdering party. Mr Fauts told them he did not know. I then got up, left the room, but was followed by some of the company, who commanded me not to leave until the Captain could see me. The Captain was accordingly called upon and came out to see me; he very gravely and sternly charged me to be gone or on the act of starting on Tuesday evening, this being on Sunday evening. He said I must obey at my peril, or renounce Mormonism. I asked him what I must deny; he said deny that Jo. Smith is a Prophet. As for moving I told him I thought it quite a short notice to get ready to leave the county, and the weather being so cold, and robbed of all our clothing, &c.-I also told him that my wife was quite sick and not able to move so soon, and furthermore the roads are guarded or said to be, so that no Mormon could pass either way without being mobbed. I asked him if I must be driven off by one company, and and another lay in wait to murder me as I go. I told him I thought the condition of the treaty was that we could stay until spring: he replied that was the first conclusion, but he had just received new orders from the General, and that was, that all Mormons should be driven out of the state forthwith. I then asked him if the way was not guarded so that I would be in no danger in passing the roads. He said he would give me a pass or ticket which would carry me safely through the state, provided I continued to travel in an eastward course and minded my own business. We soon parted, and on the next day I went to the mill and received my pass which reads as follows. Having the original in my possession I give it verbatim.

November 13th, 1838.

This is to certify that David Lewis, a Mormon, is permitted to leave and pass through the State of Missouri in an eastward direction unmolested during good behaviour [behavior].

NEHEMIAH COMSTOCK Capt. Militia

The next day Hiram Comstock, the Captain's brother, with two or three others, brought a prisoner to me to see, if I knew him; I told them I had seen him, but did not know his name. After questioning me for sometime, they told me to go with them into their camp, and said I might consider myself a prisoner. They kept me until the next day, and set me at liberty charging me to be gone from the state forthwith. I was compelled to comply with these orders at the sacrifice of all I had, and leave the state of Missouri agreeably to the order of the Executive of that state, as thing unprecedented in the history of the world. I was taught to hold sacred the rights of man in my childhood. I was raised in Kentucky, born in 1814, and lived in that state until April, 1837. Such doctrine as taught and prastised [practiced] in Missouri, by the officers of that state was never taught, neither practiced in my native state. DAVID LEWIS.

COMMUNICATIONS.

Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, neither is there any divination against Israel: according to this time it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel what has God wrought! Numbers 23 chap. 23 verse.

The above was the language of the prophet when the son of Zippor had sent for to curse the children of Israel, who had encamped near the borders of Moab, and who were about to enter into, and take possession of the land of Canaan. Fear took hold of the king Moab who had undoubtedly heard of the great deliverance which the Almighty



150


________________________________________


had wrought out for them, in bringing them from the land of Egypt, and delivering nations, greater and stronger then [than] they, into their hands.

Their heroic actions, and warlike achievements spread far and wide, and spread terror and dismay amongst the people through whose country they had to pass.

The King of Moab, terror struck like the rest, and thinking it would be folly to hazard a battle with them; resorted to means the most extraordinary to stop the journey; and blast the expectations of the promised seed. Having called the Elders of Midain [Midian] together and loaded them with presents, he sent them to Balaam, who at that time dwelt in Pether, requesting him to come and curse the seed of Jacob. Extraordinary as was the conduct of Balack in sending for Balaam; yet, more so was that of Balaam in consenting to go on such a mission, after he had been forbid to do so by the God of heaven; and the remarkable circumstances which took place on his journey. On his arrival he would undoubtedly be received with the highest marks of respect, while every enducement [inducement] would be held out to him, provided he would curse the promised seed. After Balack had shown him, from the mountains of Moab the extended plains below, where the thousands of Israel had taken up a temporary abode, he requested altars to be erected and offered a bullock on every altar, but notwithstanding his frequent sacrifices, and his desire to oblige the King of Moab, he was not suffered to curse the favorite people of the Lord; but was constrained to bless them. Realizing that all attempts of cursing them were futile; he was obliged to exclaim, and by the spirit of inspiration too. "Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, there is no divination against Israel, according to this time shall it be said of Jacob and of Israel what has God wrought."

To the children of Israel, heaven had indeed been favorable and manifested a peculiar regard, and had exerted a power in their behalf, sufficient to surprise the world: the facts of the plagues in Egypt, crossing the red sea, water issuing from the rock, the raining down of manna the over throw of Ammon, Moab and many other nations; and the final settlement of the children of Israel, in the land of Canaan; conspire to show forth the attributes of Jehovah, and cause every considerate man to exclaim "what has God wrought."

Nor has the Almighty ceased to be kind to the children of men; but since those events referred to, he has manifested his love and made known his power for the good of his people, in a great many instances, which might be enumerated, and will continue to display his power and shew [show] forth his glory to the end of time.

In our own day and generation, we have been favored with the manifestations of God, by the renewal of the new and everlasting covenant, the developement [development] of the principles of truth, the bringing forth of the ancient records, and the establishment of that kingdom, the glories of which have been the theme of the prophets, apostles and the saints of the most high, in every age. Although its introduction has not been attended with the thunderings of Sinai, the dividing of waters, and other circumstances as conspicuous to the work, yet there has been a glory, and a display of the love and power of the Almighty, not inferior to any preceding dispensation, and when all the circumstances which attended its introduction, and the almost overwhelming tide of opposition which it has since met with, are taken into consideration, as well as the great event which have already been accomplished, we may well exclaim "what has God wrought."

Twelve years have not yet rolled round since the world was in comparative darkness, ignorance, and superstition, and the fear of God was taught by the precepts of men,. and when the way of peace was not known, nor the principles of the gospel understood, each one was pursuing the way he thought best, all destitute of that principle which bringeth life and immortality to light; surely "darkness covered the earth and gross darkness the people."

Amid the variety of religions and the contention of the sects, a new era broke forth upon the world, and a light burst forth, which like the star which led the amazed shepherds to



151


________________________________________


Bethlehem city led men to the fountain of intelligence and truth; and pointed out in language, not to be misunderstood, the errors of the world, and at the same time declared the principles, by which mankind could be put in possession of that Spirit which leads unto all truth and shews [shows] things to come.

Angels have frequently been employed in ancient days to announce important information to the world-warning men of impending judgments, and unfolding the events of futurity: Although it was not anticipated, or the least expected, by the world or by professing christians, that any thing which would transpire for ages would render it neccessary [necessary] for those celestial messengers to revisit our globe, to communicate any intelligence, yet to the astonishment of the world and to the confounding of false doctrines a holy messenger, an ambassador from the court of heaven, with a brightness above the mid-day sun appeared to a youth, and with a voice sweeter than music, saluted his ears, and made known the object of his mission, told him of the corruptions of christendom, and communicated to him the important fact, which had heretofore been involved in doubt, that the aboriginees [aborigines] of this country were the descendants of the promised seed, nor was this all, but the gospel of christ was made known, the priesthood was communicated, and a commission was given to preach this gospel to this generation. Nothing but a sense of the importance of the work, his responsibility, and unshaken reliance on the aid of Omnipotance [Omnipotence], could have induced him to deliver a testimony, or preach doctrines so unpopular to the world, which struck directly at the root of all the creeds, doctrines and opinions of this age, which is so celebrated for inteligence [intelligence], piety literature and arts.-He was pitied by a few as being of a weak mind, cursed by others as being a designing knave, and laughed at by all on account of his folly in introducing another religion, and setting forth such strange doctrines, as "baptism for the remission of sins, & the laying of hands for the gift of the holy ghost," but conscious of the integrity of his heart, desiring to obey the mandate of heaven, feeling a love to his fellow mortals, and being assured of the truth and importance of those things he "had seen and heard and which had been declared to him," induced him, young and inexperienced as he was, to go forth and proclaim like the servants of God in ancient days, the message of heaven to this generation, nor did scoffs and ridicule suffice, but to the eternal disgrace of its instigators, persecution was resorted to in order to put down the truth he promulgated, and many who were zealous for their favorite creeds, were equally so to destroy his life.

Some time after he had borne testimony to the truth, he had the pleasure of introducing a few, who were nobleminded enough to obey the truth for the truth's sake, into the kingdom, agreeably to the rules and ordinances that were revealed, some of whom were ordained to be fellow laborers in the vineyard, and to assist in spreading the gospel of the son of God; nor did they labor in vain, or spend their strength for naught, for when they reared the standard of truth, and proclaimd [proclaimed] the tidings of salvation to the listening multitudes; the power of the most High rested upon them; their testimony was convincing, the truth of heaven found a reception in the honest heart, the meek increased their joy in the Lord and the poor amongst men rejoiced in the holy one of Israel.

Attacks were frequently made upon them by the learned teachers of the day, but with all their intelligence and combination of superior talents, they found the bulwork [bulwark] of truth too formidable for their gigantic efforts, and its doctrines laid upon too sure a basis, to be overthrown by their herculian [Herculean] powers, and as frequently as they assailed those high and holy principles, they have as frequently retired in shame, and words of the Savior have been fully verified, to his servants, "that at the same time it should be given them what to say" and frequent has been the expression which has escaped the anxious listener, that these "men speak with authority." Notwithstanding the superiority of truth, many rejected it and chose to continue in error on account of their love of the world and a good name, yet their were others who notwithstanding their former prejudices came forward and obeyed the gospel,



152


________________________________________


regardless of the smiles or frowns of their fellow mortals.

It was in the State of New-York, where the church was first organized, but on account of the persecutions to which they were continually subject; they moved into the State of Ohio, where they built a large and handsome place of worship; the patern [pattern] of which was given by revelation; but there they were not suffered to dwell in peace, but were harrassed [harassed] and persecuted, even by men who were once their dearest friends; but the most cruel persecution, and one which will be an everlasting stain on the American character, was in the State of Missouri, whre [where] cruelties of the most atrocious and wicked character were practiced, which would disgrace the annals of the most barbarous nations. Many noble hearted and virtuous men, whose characters were unimpeachable, and whose names will be handed down to future generations as such, fell victims to the foul spirit of religious persecution, which commenced by a few reckless characters in the shape of men, but which was consumated [consummated] by the executive and authorities of the State. Little did those unfeeling wretches feel, when butchering the innocent and unoffensive [inoffensive]; the broken hearted widow, and the piercing cries of the fatherless were alike unheeded by these monsters, who spared neither age nor sex, but "whose feet were fast to shed blood." The saints had to flee from a land of oppression, and were scattered far and wide on the extensive plains of Illinois. But have the enemies of the truth triumphed, as the religion of heaven extinct, No! thank God it lives, although many have sealed their testimony with their blood, and the saints have been scattered, yet like the persecutions practiced upon the children of Israel by the Egyptions [Egyptians], which was the forerunner of their memorable deliverance; so the persecutions in Missouri, is but the prelude to far more extensive usefulness of the saints, for since the saints have been scattered, the work has been every way preached, and an inquiry respecting the truth of these things is made in every quarter, and the cries of "come over and help us" is heard far and near; and never since the commencement of the church, have the Elders been so successful in proclaiming the gospel. Not only have the poor believed its precious truths and rejoiced in the same, but the rich, the noble, the honorable, men of all ranks and stations, are begining [beginning] to investigate those principles, the adherance [adherence] to which, have brought on the saints repeated persecutions and on some a MARTY'S [MARTYR'S] CROWN. Yes, our Senators and Representatives, our Governor's and our Judges "shut their mouths; "for that which had not been told them they see, and that which they had not heard, do they now consider."

Not only on this continent does the work spread and prevail, but distant nations have heard the tidings of salvation. Britania [Britannia] has spread out her arms and welcomed the elders of Israel, her dence [dense] population are crowding to hear the tidings as they roll, and thousands are coming forth in obedience to the gospel; nor will it stop here, but with a light more glorious than the king of day, shine forth in its strength, until it shall penetrate and diffuse its genial warmth and light over the moral world, and erradiate [irradiate] with its brightness, all who come to the light-yes, the elders of Israel, shall have faith, power and intelligence commensurate with their important mission, and shall lift up there voices in the various tongues of the earth-shall be wafted over every sea, enter every port, traverse every land, until every ear shall hear and every heart shall be penetrated,-until the purposes of our God shall be fulfilled, Zion established, satan bound, and an everlasting righteousness bro't. in, and when shall be heard from every creature under heaven, blessing and honor, and glory and power be unto him that setteth upon the throne, and to the Lamb, forever and ever."

In consideration of what has already been accomplished, and the promises of God in regard to the future, we are led emphatically to exclaim, "Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, there is no divination against Israel, from this time it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel, what has God wrought."

Not only has the Almighty been kind by clothing his servants with power, and spreading the work throughout the land, but a location has been secured for the saints, on the banks of the



153


________________________________________


Mississipi [Mississippi]; and sure "ne'er sun, view'd in its wide career, a lovlier [lovelier] spot" with sufficient lands in the Iowa Territory for all farming purposes &c.

When I contemplate the scenes which occured [occurred] and our situation in the State of Missouri, when mobs were combining against us, when our wives and little ones, had to wander on the bleak prairies, when the flames of our houses enlightened the canopy of heaven, when our beloved brethren were torn from the bosom of their families and friends, by ruthless villians [villains], and thrust into prison, while their feet were hurt with fetters, and not suffered the privileges of freemen; while thousands destitute of money and of means had to make their way out of a State whose government refused them protection: when we were taken up in the lips of talkers, and when reports were circulated against us, with an industry which would have done honor to a better cause; reports which were false, wicked and scandalous: and contrast them with our present situation, prospects, and advantages; I am led to exclaim, "surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, there is no divination against Israel; from this time it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel, what has God wrought."

R. B. THOMPSON.

Nauvoo July 10th, 1840

Cotton, Switzerland co. Indiana.

BR. D. C. SMITH.

Sir I will inform you in short of my labors, and success in this county,-I commenced preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ,-on the 14th of October last, in the township of Cotton, Switzerland co. and was violently opposed by all the sectarians priests; and some of the learned doctors, from Scotland, under took to assist their priests to put down the truth. But the Lord soon put those mockers to silence.-"Truth will prevail".

"Paul said he fought with the beasts of Ephesus, so I fought with the beasts of Switzerland until they left the field and 36 received the gospel, and more now standing in the church of Latter Day Saints in good faith and fellowship.-JONATHAN DUNHAM.

TIMES AND SEASONS.

NAUVOO, ILL. JULY, 1840

It is with great pleasure we lay before our readers the proclamation of the Jews from the land of their inheritances, which will be read with great interest by the saints, and every inquirer after truth.

The judgements [judgments] which the Lord denounced against that people, in consequence of their repeated transgressions have indeed been fulfilled to the very letter; and the promises of their restoration, to the land of their Fathers, with their ultimate splendour [splendor] and glory, now remain to be accomplished.

From the events which have taken place in Europe within a few years past. The liberal and enlightened policy of the Pacha of Egypt, which with the document in question, conspire to prove, that the day of their liberty has already dawned, and that God has prepared the way, and set his hand again, the second time,. to gather them to their beloved city. Surely the "work of the Father," as spoken of in the book of Mormon,. has commenced, which shall roll forth with power and great glory, until Jerusalem shall be built up-the land of Canaan become as the garden of Eden, and Zion be established to be thrown down no more forever.

Most of our new subscribers, desire the Times and Seasons from the commencement of the Volume, and we are sorry that it is not in our power to accommodate them: the three first No's, of the Times and Seasons are all gone:



154


________________________________________


therefore, all new subscribers that wish to commence with the 4th No. of the present Volume, can be accommodated for the present, and they will receive the three first No's. of the second Volume to make out their years subscription. Those who commence with the 4th No. will obtain the most essential part of the history of the Missouri persecutions.

From the daily increase of subscribers, and the general news from the messengers of truth, who are spreading the gospel proclamation; we are led to conclude that the work of reformation, is going on very extensively, through out all the world. Wherever the elders are laboring, they are crowned with great success; almost every State in the Union, has furnished more or less subjects for the kingdom of God that is now established: and at the present time, the heralds of salvation, whom God hath called by his own voice from the heavens, are lifting the warning voice and extending the invitation of the gospel to the principle States in the Union, and to the Islands of the sea, and also to foreign lands.

The dispensation that God has committed to his servants, is a great dispensation; it requires faithful laborers, and more of them: it requires diligence on the part of those who are now engaged in this great work-example should go hand in hand with precept-the priciples [principles] of virtue should be their associate-wisdom, be their counsellor, [counselor] and the spirit of God preside over them.

There are many parts of the earth, that have not yet been penetrated with the everlasting gospel; and all these places must, of course, be looked after; for "this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world, and then shall the end come." The elders of Israel should remember, that the press, rightly managed, is one of the greatest preachers on the earth, and is well calculated to penetrate the darkest corners of the earth, and search out the honest in heart, and gather them from the midst of Babylon, saying, "come out of her my people and pertake [partake] not of her sins that ye receive not of her plagues." The press too, is a mighty "hunter," well calculated to "hunt" Israel from the "holes of the rocks," and from "all the world, whither they have been scattered."-Therefore, as a word to the wise is sufficient, we feel in hopes, that the Lord's "hunters" who are to do the work of which we have been speaking, will have respect to each other, and be united in their exertions, holding up each other's arms effectually, in their feeble efforts; that the work of God, the great and last dispensation, propelled by his own arm, may roll on, until the enemies of truth are subdued, and the earth shall be full of the glory of God.

We have several communications of interest, which we are under the necesity [necessity] of laying over for the present; among the number is the petition of L. Wight, and the report of the committe [committee], appointed to explore parts of Iowa Territory, to seek a suitable location for the Saints, we shall try to remember them in our next.

The following is from brother E. Robinson, dated Cincinnati, July 16th. After giving an account of the success of his business transactions, he says:

By this you see, that the work is progressing; and I have to say to you that not only the work of the book, is progressing but the work of the Lord is onward, with rapid strides; I have formed an acquaintance with several in this place who are very anxious to hear of our doctrine, and to become better acquainted with the principles of our holy religion: I have to spend a considerable of my time in conversation with different individuals in various parts of the city. Be assured dear brother, the seed is sown, in many an honest heart in this place, and great will be the harvest here, before many moons pass away, I trust. I have quite unexpectedly, met with a brother and a mighty man of God, whom the Lord sent here to make an uproar among the priests of Baal, in this place. I need not tell you that one morning, just after breakfast, as I was standing in a back room in the foundry, a gentleman



155


________________________________________


steped [stepped] in at the door, whom I thought I knew, but not expecting that he was in this country, dare not flatter myself that it was him-he too gazed at me with the same surprize [surprise] and astonishment, thinking that it could not be possible, but that his eyes deceived him; in this situation we stood for a moment, not daring to smile for fear we should be mistaken-but at length we both burst into laughter, and clasped each other by the hand, and enjoyed a very agreeable surprize [surprise]-It was our beloved brother Orson Hyde; we have spent many a pleasant hour together, we are now expecting elder Page every day, when we shall commence holding public meetings; brother H. had a letter from him yesterday morning, stating that he was then in Milton, preaching and baptizing, he had baptized six in that place, and was to baptize six more yesterday, (15th,) among the number baptized, was a respectable Merchant and family, of the first standing in the country. Bro. Hyde has a great many calls to converse with the people in different parts of the city which he attends with pleasure, in which he is laying the foundation for a great work.

May the Lord roll on his great and mighty kingdom, until the earth shall be illumined by the light and glory of the gospel of peace, and the kingdoms of this world,. become the kingdoms of our God and of his Christ, is the prayer of your brother in the the Lord.

E. ROBINSON. D. C. SMITH.

Below is an extract of a letter written buy our beloved brother O. Hyde, dated Franklin, Warren co. Ohio, July 7th, 1840. We have since the receit [receipt] of this, heard by the way of bro E. Robinson that these brethren were laboring in Cincinnati, and a place called Milton, with considerable success; they had baptized in all, since leaving this place 62: there is such a wide extended field of labor in the vineyard of the Lord, that these brethren make but slow progress on their way to Palestine; however, from accounts they are not idle, the Spirit of the Lord is with them, and they are sowing the seed of the gospel effectually wherever they travel. We rejoice that they feel the spirit of their mission, and we say speed them on their journey, O Lord! arm them with the sword of the Spirit, cause error to flee before them like the hoary frost before the burning rays of the morning sun: cause the kingdoms of the devil to crumble into forgetfulness before them, and the kingdom of our God to be reared triumphantly behind them, waving the banner of truth to all nations, that all who will, may come and partake of the waters of life freely.-ED.

The work of the Lord is prospering; and many are convinced of the truth, and some obeying it. Bro. Page is a boanarges, well calculated to storm sectarian ramparts and castles; and spread terror and dismay through the strong holds of Babel's empire. We have by the grace of God, succeeded in routing priests and people from scriptures hallowed ground; and we now stand on the frontiers of the same, with the sword of truth, pleading the cause of our Master, while our enemies stand afar off and cry, "Give us a sign," "give us a sign," thus revealing the true character of most of this generation., clearly showing that they are in the slough of wickedness, and mire of adultry [adultery] according to our Savior's words

In Dayton, we preached in the court house to crowded congregations; and also in the grove. We have baptized only five persons there, but we have left a great harvest for some faithful elders to reap-we felt hurried to Cincinnati and so on east. The Jews are gathering; and have issued orders or a circular, and universal proclamation for their brethren, in all the world, to return to Palestine, for the land is ready for their reception. "But there is none to guide her among all the sons whom she hath brought up, but these two things are come unto thee."-See Isaiah 51:18,19. Things, you know, in English means any kind of fish, beast, or birds. But the book of Mormons says, "These two sons are come unto thee;" this is better sense, and more to the point. As Jerusalem has no sons to take her by the hand and lead her among all the number whom she hath brought forth, Bro. Page and myself feel that we ought to hurry along and take her by the hand; for



156


________________________________________


we are her sons but the Gentiles have brought us up.

I am informed that both England and Rusia [Russia}, have extended protection to the Jews in Palestine;and proffer to aid them in their return. Let Kings become nursing fathers, and Victoria a nursing mother; and I will say, roll on thy righteous cause, thou King of saints.

I spoke to a crowded audience last night in this place, and expect to have a greater one to night. We had the Presbyterian and Methodist ministers out to hear. The Methodist made an attack upon me; but when he had fired his second round, he retreated.

If each of us could be divided into 20 parts; and each part be a Mormon preacher, we could find business for the whole. * * *

Elder Page is laboring in Fairfield for a few days, and I am here doing all can.

I hope the Saints in Nauvoo will show favor to Bro. Jonathan Crosby and Ross R. Rogers of Pleasant Garden, Ia. for they have spared no pains to wait upon the traveling elders; and they, of their pecuniary have freely administered to their wants. Therefore let them be had in remembrance.-The brethren in Quincy, Jacksonville and Springfield, have been exceedingly kind to us, and have done all they could for this mission; and my heart feels to bless them, and God will bless them and they shall be his when he makes up his jewels. Br. Eldridge of Indianopolis [Indianapolis], has done well by us; and, also, bro. Willson who lives near Cadiz in Ia. may the Lord remember all these brethren and reward them all according to the spirit of kindness and generosity with which they have treated us. We have no fault to find with any of our brethren and sisters; we believe they are all trying to do the best they can. We have not proceeded fast on our journey; but those among whom we have laboured [labored], can testify whether we have been faithful or not. * * *

Bro. Joseph's letter to us was a treat, I assure you: it was just such an one as we might expect his generous spirit to produce. We feel as though we were free men and had all the liberty we want to do good, and hope we may never do any thing to restrict our privileges or curtail our blessings. I feel that the time past of my life is sufficient to have wrought the will of the Gentiles and my prayer in Lord deliver me from the snare of the devil.

Yours forever in the bonds of the covenant. ORSON HYDE.

A VOICE FROM THE HOLY CITY---REBUILDING OF THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON---RECALL OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD TO JUDAH.

We have received by the last packet form England, a copy of a very extraordinary "Circular," issued by the Jews now residing at Jerusalem, and addressed to all the descendents [descendants] of Abraham to the uttermost ends of the earth. It is written in the pure Hebrew character, and accompanied with an English translation, which we annex, as matter of the deepest curiosity to the people of this country. Next week, if we possibly can, we shall puplish [publish] the original Hebrew in a double sheet; but at present we must content ourself [ourselves] with the translation.-MORNING HERALD.

TO OUR BRETHREN THE ISRAELITES OF EUROPE AND AMERICA.

The Liberal and Benevolent Contributors towards every holy and pious purpose-ready to stand in the breach to evince their love for the land of promise: to the well-wichers [well-wishers] of Jerusalem, and friends of Zion (dearer to us than life), who extend their bounteous aid to this holy city, and devote their best means, in love and affection, "to take pity on her stones, and show mercy to her dust." To the illustrious and excellent Rabbies [Rabbi's], to their worthy and distinguished assessors, to the noble chiefs and faithful leaders of Israel, to all congregations devoted to the Lord, and to every member thereof-health, life, and prosperity. May the Lord vouchsafe his protection unto them. May they rejoice and be exceeding glad: and with their own eyes may they behold when the Lord restoreth Zion. Such be his gracious will, Amen.

It is a fact well known throughout Judah and Israel, that "the glory altogether departed from the daughter of Zion," since, upwards of one hundred years ago, the congregation of German Jews in this holy city were forcibly deprived of their homes and inheritance. Dreadful and grievous was the yoke under which the despots of this land oppressed them. Tyranny



157


________________________________________


and cruel usage ground them to the dust, and forced them to forsake their habitations, to abandon their houses and all their property, and to seek safety in flight. Thus, the large Court they inherited from their ancesters [ancestors] remained deserted and uninhabited, until it was seized upon and possessed by aliens. The sacred edifiices [edifices] it contained, namely the Synagogue and Medrash, were by them demolished, the whole of the property utterly ruined, and possessions, lawfully ours, devastated before our eyes. Then did our souls refuse all consolation! for how could we bear to witness the evil which befel [befell] our people!

As the light gleams forth from a spark, so did our Congregation take heart and return, again to form their establishments, and to take root on the holy Mount. But we could find no rest for our wearied feet-no place consecrated and appointed for prayer and instruction. Our aching eyes beheld how every nation and tongue, even from the most distant isles of the ocean, is here possessed of structures defended by walls, gates, and portcullis, whilst the people of the Lord, forcibly expelled from their inheritance by rapacious barbarians, were covered with obliquy, [obliquity ?] scorn, and disgrace. The cries of the people ascended unto the Lord, who dwelleth in Zion. He looked down, and in pity beheld their sufferings and oppression. And ever since the ruler of Egypt first assumed the government of the Holy Land-a ruler who maintains justice throughout his dominions-an edict was issued, permitting Jews to do whatsoever they deemed right and expedient, with respect to the rebuilding of their demolished Synagogues and Colleges. Us, likewise, the Lord, in his mercy vouchsafe to remember, and caused us to be reinstated into the heritage of our fathers, even to the afore-mentioned Court, which is called the Ruin of R. Jehudah the pious (of blessed memory.) Blessed be the Lord our God, the God of our fathers, who inspired the heart of the ruler of Egypt, to restore unto us the possessions of our ancesters [ancestors]: nor did we delay or lose time in the matter, but exerted our selves to rebuild Jerusalem. "We fenced it, and gathered up the stones thereof," and the sacred undertaking prospered in our hands, so that we have completed the Medrash, "and great is the glory of the house;" and also houses for the teachers of the law, and for the hospitable reception and entertainment of strangers, which were indispensably necessary to acomodate [accommodate] the many pious Israelites who visit the Holy City during the festivals. And on Rosh Hodesh Shebath last we joyfully placed a Sepher Torah in the Medrash, which we consecrated by the name of "MENAHEM ZION," for the Lord has vouchsafed to comfort his people.

But although we have thus, under the blessing of Providence, retrieved from devastation a part of the possessions bequeathed unto us by our pious ancesters [ancestors], yet our hearts are afflicted, and our eyes are dimmed when we behold the sanctuary of the Lord, the Synagogue, which still lies in ruins; nor is it in the power of all of us (the German Congregation) to rebuild it; for, alas, great is the number of our poor who stand in need of bread, and the debts we contracted in building the Medrash are large, and weigh heavily upon us.-The cause of our grief is thus ever present to our eyes, the ruins of the synagogue are heaped in the middle of the Court, and rank weeds spread over the consecrated pile. We, therefore, deem it our bounden duty to dispatch a messenger unto our brethren the children of Israel, who are dispersed and in exile, in order to acquaint them with "the salvation of the Lord in the land," so that they may arise and take pity on Zion, for it is time to show mercy unto her.

To undertake this laborious duty was the voluntary offer of our dearly beloved friend, that profound and renowned Rabbi, the zealous and honerable [honorable] AARON SELIG ASHKENAZI. He is a man confirmed in the fear of the Lord, of a faithful stock; and him we depute as our messenger, worthy of all trust, to make proclamation unto the communities of Israel, "according to the sight which he has seen in the holy mount," and to him we have given letters of authorization, containing full particulars as to his pious mission, and every necessary information relating thereto.

Now, therefore, let the righteous behold



158


________________________________________


and rejoice; let the pious exult and triumph in gladness: the day ye so long have hoped for is come, and ye see it. The crown of holiness will again adorn its formor [former] abode. Therefore, arise, and take upon yourselves, according to the words of this letter, to devote a portion of your wealth as a sacred tribute towards erecting "the temple of the most holy King on the Mountain of the Lord," that ye may have a portion and a righteous record in Jerusalem. Let no one among you refuse his aid, but let the poor man contribute his mite for himself and his household freely, as the rich dispenses the bounty wherewith the Lord hath blessed him. Let fathers and their offspring, the aged and the youthful, alike arise in mercy to Zion at this propitious season, Let each man encourage his neighbor, and say, "We will be zealous and persevering for our people and the city of our God. And for the love of Zion and the sake of Jerusalem we will not rest nor be easy until Jerusalem is praised throughout the earth, and foremost in our joys, even as we have vowed. If I forget thee, Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning: if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy."

Such are the words of your brethren who address you for the glory of God and for the honor of his land, his people and his inheritance-continually praying for our exiled brethren, and offering up our orisons on holy ground, and particularly near the WESTERN WALL, that is may be well with you everlastingly, as you yourselves desire, and we most sincerely wish.

Signed at Jerusalem, the 18th day of year 5597, A. M. by the Wardens of the Medrash and members of the building Committee, on behalf of the Congregation of German Jews in this holy city.-(Signed.) HIRSH JOSEPH, DAVID REUBEN, NATHAN SAADIS, ABRAHAM S. SALMONS, MORDECAI AVIGDOR, URIAH S. HYAM,

The undersigned assessors of the Beth-din, by the direction of the Rev. Chief Rabbi, hereby certify that Rev. Aaron Selig Askenazi is actually deputed for the purposes mentioned in the above Circular.

London, the 7th Tebath-24 Dec. 5599. ISRAEL LEVY, AARON LEVY, A. L. BARNETT.

STORM AND LOSS OF LIFE AT PONDICHERRY.

The Paris Temps publishes accounts from Pondicherry of the 22d Jan. and from Yanaon, French factory about 250 miles along the coast from that city, up to the 7th of December, which contain numerous details of the dreadful hurricane and inundation of the sea on that coast. They coincide in stating the force of the wind to have been such as had never before been witnessed there, and the inroad of the sea as dreadful beyond description. Upwards of ten thousand corpses had been found, but many thousands more had, no doubt been washed away. So many bodies lying unburied had caused a pestilence, and the condition of the survivors, who had lost most of their property, was exceedingly distressing. The British authorities and settlers had shown the greatest kindness to the French sufferers, but the factory town of and Yanaon, which alone had lost 1,500 inhabitants, could not recover from such a calamity for a great many years. The Government chest and most of the public records had been preserved. As instances of the extensive scale on which this great natural calamity acted, it is mentioned that at Talarivou one house, in which 400 persons had taken refuge; was blown down, and most of them killed, while at Malavoram, a village on the English territory, only 49 were saved out of 2000 inhabitants.-New World.

HYMENIAL.

MARRIED In Pike Co. Ill. on the 26 of June by elder Harlow Redfield Mr. Hawkins Judd, to Miss. Electa P. Howland.

-In this place on the 9 of July by elder Redden Allred, Mr. George W. Clifft to Miss. Amanda C. Fosett.

OBITUARY.

-At Longton, Staffordshire, Eng. Johnathan Locket, aged 63 years, he was a saint and rests form his lobors [labors].

-In Juliett, Will Co. Ill. April 21st. Mr. Benjamin Fletcher aged 29 years.

TO THE PUBLIC.

An Appeal to the American people has recently been published at Cincinnati, giving an account of the persecutions inflicted on the saints in the State of Missouri, etc. et c. They are printed in



159


________________________________________


pamphlet form, of between 80 and 90 pages, and elegantly bound. They will be sold at 25 cents per copy, or 10 copies for two dollars. Any person sending $5, current money, shall receive 30 copies of the Appeal.

All letters to be addressed to the Post Master of Nauvoo, Hancock Co. Ill.

7tf. GEO. W. ROBINSON.

For deligate [delegate] to Congress from Iowa, AUGUSTUS C. DODGE.

For Council from Lee county, EDWARD JOHNSON.

For the Times and Seasons.

THE WORD OF WISDOM BY MISS ELIZA K. SNOW.

"For to one is given by the spirit, the word of wisdom." 1st. Cor. 12:8.

The Lord imparted from above It is a straight and narrow way,

The word of wisdom for our blessing? That leads to the Celestial City:

But shall it unto many prove That high taught saints should go astray,

A gift that is not worth possessing? Thro' gentile customs, is a pitty [pity].

Have we not been divinely taught, O: that the saints would all regard

To heed its voice and highly prize it? Each gracious word that God has given

Then who shall once indulge the thought And prize the favor of the Lord

It can be better to dispise [despise] it? Above all things beneath the heaven.

Has self denial grown a task?

Or has that word been vainly spoken,

Or why, I fain would humbly ask,

Why is that word, so often broken.

TO THE SAINTS SCATTERED ABROAD.

We annouce [announce], with pleasure, to the saints throughout the world, that our beloved brother, E. Robinson, has gone to Cincinnati for the express purpose of getting the Book of Mormon stereotyped and printed, and that he has entered into a contract to have it done immediately. This is therefore to request all those, who feel an interest in the accomplishment of this glorious work, to assist in the ardious [arduous] undertaking, by forwarding to him means to help defray the expences [expenses], which it requires in publishing a work of such magnitude. We will give a copy of the work, well bound, for every dollar received in time to meet our engagements, which will be the first of September, or one hundred and twenty copies for every hundred dollars. then remitted.

All orders for books addressed to Robinson and Smith, Cincinnati, Ohio, Post Paid, will receive prompt attention.-ED.

AGENTS FOR THE TIMES AND SEASON.

PENNSYLVANIA Benj. Winchester, Philadelph [Philadelphia]

Stephen Post, Centreville, Crawford Co.

Charles Carter, P.M. Beaver, Beaver Co.

Wm. P. McIntire, Strongstown, Indiana Co.

NEW YORK. Joseph L. Robinson, West Leyden Lewis Co.

MASSACHUSETTS. Nathaniel Holmes, Georgetown. Essex Co.

NEW HAMPSHIRE. Chilon Rack, P. M. Gilsum,

Zadock Parker, Lisbon, Grafton Co.

TENNESSE [Tennessee].

T. K. Witcher, P. M. Whitleyville,

Jackson Co. Wm. J. Dixon, P. M Centerpoint, Ky.

ENGLAND.

John Taylor, Willard Richards,

Hyram Clark, Wilford Woodruff,

Theodore Turley, Joseph P. Fielding,

Orson Pratt, Heber C. Kimball,

Brigham Young, George A. Smith,

P. P. Pratt.

SCOTLAND Samuel Mulliner, Edinburgh.

TRAVELLING [traveling] AGENTS.

John E. Page Orson Hyde,

Lorenzo Barnes, Albert Brown,

Samuel James, James Blakeslee,

Almon Babbit, Joseph Wood.

SOUTH CAROLINA Lysander M. Davis.

NORTH CAROLINA Jedadiah M. Grant.

THE TIMES AND SEASONS.

Is printed and published every month at Nauvoo, Hancock co, Ill. by E. ROBINSON AND D. C. SMITH, EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.

TERMS: ONE DOLLAR per annum, payable, in all cases in advance. Any person procuring 10 subscribers, and forwarding us ten dollars current money, shall receive one volume gratis. Letters on business must be addressed to the Publishers POST PAID.



160