FairMormon is a non-profit organization dedicated to providing well-documented answers to criticisms of the doctrine, practice, and history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Times and Seasons/1/11
Times and Seasons: Volume 1, Number 11
Summary:Source document in Mormon Publications: 19th and 20th Centuries online archive: Times and Seasons Vol. 1
|Number 10||Number 12|
Times and Seasons: Volume 1, Number 11
Jump to Subtopic:
- A HISTORY, OF THE PERSECUTION, OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST, OF LATTER DAY SAINTS IN MISSOURI. CONTINUED.
- GOOD NEWS FROM ENGLAND.
- TO THE SAINTS ABROAD.
- MEDICAL CONVENTION OF ILLINOIS.
- AGENTS FOR THE TIMES AND SEASON.
|TIMES AND SEASONS|
|"TRUTH WILL PREVAIL"|
|Volume I. No. 11.]||NAUVOO, ILLINOIS, SEPTEMBER, 1840||[Whole No. 11.|
A HISTORY, OF THE PERSECUTION, OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST, OF LATTER DAY SAINTS IN MISSOURI. CONTINUED.
We will now return to the prisoners. They had meanly betrayed us into their hands; we were kept in their camp till the third day of November; we were then started for Jackson county. Let us here observe that they increased our number baving [having] added to it Messrs. Hyrum Smith and Amasa Lyman. By our special request, they took us into Far West, to see our families, whom we found, when we got there, living on parched corn, as the town was so closely invested they could not get out. I will not attempt to describe this parting scene. I will leave every person to place themselves in our situation and then judge for themselves.
In writing this narrative it is no part of our intention to play upon the passions of the public, bnt [but] give a faithful narrative of facts and then leave it.-After we arrived at Independence, the county seat of Jackson county, we served the same purpose that a caravan of wild animals would for a show, as hundreds of people called to see us. We were put into an old house and left to sleep on some blankets we had with us. Shortly after we had started from Far West, a messenger came riding after us with a demand from Gen. Clark, to take us back. With this, Gen. Lucas would not comply. Upon the whole, we were treated at Jackson county with respect. We were boarded at a tavern house. A man was appointed to see that we had every thing we wanted. They despensed [dispensed] with their guards, and we were at liberty to go where we pleased, and return when it suited us. These priviliges [privileges] were not granted us at first, but after we had been there a few days. At first we were put into an old house and closely guarded. While we were there, Burrell Hicks, a lawyer of celebrity, and leader of the Jackson county mob, confessed in our presence, and in the presence of many others, that the Jackson county mob, was a wanton attack upon the saints without cause, and he said he presnmed [presumed] that the attack then made was of the same character.
We state this to show that the men of intelligence in Jackson, knew that they were again engaged in robbing a people of their rights. Indeed, General Wilson went so far as to say that if ever mobs attacked us again, he would fight for us. We will here leave the prisoners and relate what took place in Diahman. After General Clark's arrival at Far West, General Wilson, I think, was the General's name, that was sent to Diahman. On his arrival there, he placed guards around the town, so that no person might pass out or in without permission. All the men in the town were then taken and put under guard, and a court of inquiry was instituted, with Adam Black on the bench; the said Adam Black belonged to the mob and was one of the leaders of it from the time mobbing first commenced in Daviess county. the Attorney's name I have forgotton [forgotten], if I ever knew, but belonged to General Clark's army.
After two or three days' investigation, every man was honorably acquitted. General Wilson then ordered every family to be out of Diahman in ten days, with permission to go to Caldwell, and there tarry until spring, and then leave the state under pain of extermination. This was on the first of November, the weather was very cold, more so than usual, for that season of the year: and, in keeping this order of General Wilson's they had to leave their crops and houses, and to live in tents and wagons in this inclement season of the year. As for their flocks and herds, the mob had delivered them from the trouble of taking
care of them, or from the pain of seeing them starve to death, by stealing them. An arrangement was made in which it was stipulated that a committee of twelve, which had been previously appointed, should have the privilege of going from Far West to Daviess county for the term of four weeks, for the purpose of conveying their crops from Daviess to Caldwell. The committee were to wear white badges on their hats for their protectoin [protection].
But in a short time after this arrangement was made, Gen. Wilson withdrew with his army, and the mob rose up as soon as the army had gone, and forbid the Committee from coming again into Daviess county under pain of death. By this the mob secured unto themselves several hundred thousand bushels of corn, besides large quantities of oats, and the saints were left to seek their bread and shelter where they could find it.
We will now return to the prisoners in Jackson county. Shortly after our arrival in Jackson county, Colonel Sterling Price from the army of Gen. Clark, came with orders from Gen. Clark who was commander-in-chief of the expedition, to have us forwarded forthwith to Richmond. Accordingly, on Thursday morning, November 8th, with three guards only, and they had been obtained with great difficulty, after laboring all the previous day to get them. Between Independence and Roy's ferry, on the Missouri river, they all got drunk, and we got possession of their arms and horses. It was late in the afternoon, near the setting of the sun. We travelled [traveled] about half a mile after we crossed the river, and put up for the night. The next morning there came a number of men some of them armed, their threatenings and savage appearance were such as to make us afraid to proceed without more guards. A messenger was therefore despached [dispatched] to Richmond to obtain them. We started before their arrival, but had not gone far before we met Col. Price with a guard, if we recollect right of seventy four men. As to the number, however, we are not certain: and were conducted by them to Richmond and put into an old vacant house, and a guard set. Sometime through the ceurse [course] the that day, Gen. Clark came in and we were introduced to him. We enquired [inquired] of him the reason why we had been thus carried from our homes and what were the charges against us. He said that he was not then able to determine, but would be in a short time, and with very little more conversasion [conversation] withdrew. Some short time after he had withdrawn, Col. Price came in with two chains in his hands, and a number of padlocks. The two chains he fastened together. He had with him ten men armed, who stood at the time of these operations with a thumb upon the cock of their guns. They first nailed down the windows, then came and ordered a man by the name of John Fulkerson whom he had with him, to chain us together with chains and padlcks [padlocks], being seven in number. After that, he searched us, examining our pockets to see if we had any arms; finding nothing but pocket knives, he took them and conveyed them off.
General Clark spent several days in searching the statutes of Missouri to find some authority to hold a Court Martial. (The troops said that he had promised when they left, that there were two or three that they should have the privilege of shooting before they returned.) But he could find none, and after a fruitless search of a number of days he came again to see us and informed us that he would turn us over to the civil authorities for trial. Accordingly, the trial commenced; Austin A King on the bench, and Thomas C. Birch, attorney. This was surely a new kind of Court: it was not an inquisition nor yet a criminal court, but a compound between. A looker on would be convinced that both the judge and attorney were not satisfied that some or all of the prisoners had been guilty of some criminal act or acts, but on the contrary that their object was to try by all means in their power to get some person to swear some criminal thing aginst [against] us, through [though] they were innocent.
The first act of the court was to send out a body of armed men, to obtain witnesses without any civil process whatever; and after witnesses were brought before the court, they were sworn at bayonet point. Dr. Sampson Avard was the first brought
before the Court. He had previously told Mr. Oliver Olney, that if he (Olney) wished to save himself, he must swear hard against the heads of the Church, as they were the ones, the court wanted to criminate, and if he could swear hard against them, they would, that is neither court nor mob, disturb him. I intend to do it, said he, in order to escape, for if I do not, they will take my life. To aid him in this work, there was standing a body of armed men; a part of this armed body stood in the presence of the court to see that the witnesses swore right, and another part was scouring he county to drive out of it every witness that they could hear of, whose testimony would be favorable to the defendents [defendants]. This course was kept up during the whole time of the court. If a witness did not swear to please the court, he or she would be threatened to be cast into prison. They never pleased the Court when their testimony was favorable to the defendants. One instance is all the proof that need be adduced on this head. A man by the name of Allen was called on, he began to tell the story about Bogart's burning houses in the south part of Caldwell, he was kicked out of the house and three men took after him with loaded guns, and he hardly escaped with his life. Every witness that the defendants had, (that these creatures knew of, and they made dilligent [diligent] search to find all they could) were either arrested under pretention [pretension] of some charge, or else driven off. When a witness did not swear to please the attorney, Birch he would order them to be taken into custody and they were immediately cast into prison and the next morning they would be brought forward and tried again. Such was the cousre [course] the Court and their armed body pursued during their sittings till they got through; by such means they got men to swear for them, and to swear to most unhallowed falsehoods. It was indeed suborning witnesses to swear, to promise a man's life if he would swear, and death or imprisonment if he did not swear, and not only to swear, but swear to please them.
This matter of driving away witnesses or casting them into prison or chasing them out of the county, was carried to such a length that our lawyers, Gen. Doniphan and Amos Rees, told us not to bring our witnesses there at all, for if we did there would not be one of them left for the final trial, for no sooner would Bogart and his men know who they were, than they would put them out of the county; as to making any impression on King, if a cohort of angels were to come down and declare we were clear, Doniphan said it would all be the same, for he (King) had determined from the beginning to cast us into prison; we never got the privilege of introducing our witnesses at all; if we had we could have disproved all they swore.
We here must rather go back a little, for after Clark arrived at Far West, he arrested a great many persons, an account of which will be found in the memorial of the citizens of Far West, to the Legislature of Missouri. Their trials also went on at the same time. One thing in relation to Clark's proceeding, we forgot to mention-we will insert it here. After he had arrived, some persons made application for a privilege to go and plunder houses for goods; this was readily granted, and under this authority, houses were plundered, locks broken, and property taken at pleasure; and all this without any civil process whatever.
We will here give a specimen or two, of their swearing. We will first introduce Willliam W. Phelps. This said Phelps was angry at one of the prisoners-George W. Robinson, in consequence of a law suit existing between them. Phelps, we suppose, thought he had a fair opportunity now, to take vengence [vengeance], in swearing against him; so he swore that in Daviess county he saw George W. Robinson have a clock, in his arms, There had been a clock found in some hazel bushes, somewhere in the neighborhood of Far West. This clock, a man in Daviess county, swore to be his; it was presented to Phelps, and Phelps swore positively that, that was the clock, he saw George W. Robinson have in Daviess county. Now the truth is, that the clock which said Robinson had, belonged to another man; who had it at that time, and has it at this, if he has not sold it; and it is now in Illinois.
This Mr. Robinson could have proven if he could have introduced his witnesses. For this, he was bound over to appear at the county Court, in the sum of one thousand dollars. Another, buy the name of Job, whose mother had gone to the house of Mr. Wight, and swore a feather bed which was in his house was her's [hers]: After she got away, she said she never had a bed since she lived in Daviess county; bnt [but] she wanted one of "old Wight's" beds. Her son came to the court, to swear against Mr. Wight for stealing; and accordingly swore that his mother's bed was found in his house. The question was asked, how he knew it was his mother's bed? He said he had slept upon it and he felt the stripes with his feet. His mother's bed, had a striped tick, and the stripes went two ways, and he felt them with his feet, while lying in the bed. He was then asked if there was not a sheet on the bed under him? He said there was, but still he felt the stripes in the tick, through the sheet, so distinctly that he knew that they went two ways, and that it was his mother's bed, and that was the way they found out, his mother's bed was there. Mr. Wight proved, in the mean time, that, that same bed had been in his house for many years. We give these as specimens of men's swearing. We might multiply them to a great number, but it would swell this narrative beyond the limits allowed it. Let so much suffice.
The court at last closed, on the 29th of November, after a session of two weeks, and three days, and during most of the time we were closely confined in chains. At the close of the court, and some few days before it closed, there were a considerable number of those who had been arrested by Gen. Clark released. Out of that number was Amasa Lyman, Esq. who was one of the seven, who had been carried to Jackson county, and from thence to Ray. They were either all released, or admitted to bail, except Lyman Wight, Caleb Baldwin, Hyrum Smith, Alexander McRay, Joseph Smith, Jr. and Sidney Rigdon; who were sent to Liberty, clay co. to jail, to stand their trial for treason and murder. The treason, for having whipped the mob out of Daviess co. and taking their cannon from them; and the murder, for the man killed in the Bogart battle. Also Parly P Pratt, Morris Phelps, Luman Gibbs, Darwin Chase, and Norman Shearer; who were put into Richmond jail, to stand their trial, for the same crimes. At this time the Legislature had commenced its session , and a Memorial was presented to the senate and house of Representatives, to obtain a committee to investigate the whole affair pertaining to the Governor's order, the operations of the mob, and the conduct and operations of the Militia, while at Far West.
After much legislation, disputation, and controversy, and angry speechifying; as the papers of Missouri, published at the time, abundantly testify, the petition and memorial, were laid on the table, until the July following; thus utterly refusing to grant the memorialists, their request; thereby refusing to investigate the subject; and thus it stands until this day, uninvestigated by any legal authority.
After we were cast into prison, we heard nothing but threatenings, that if any Judge or Jury, or court of any kind, should clear any of us, that we should never get out of the State alive. This soon determined our course; and that was, to escape out of their hands as soon as we could; and by any means we could. After we had been some length of time in prison, we demanded a writ of Habeas Corpus of Judge Turnham, one the county Judges; which with some considerable reluctance, was granted. Great threatenings were made at this time by the mob, that if any of were liberated we should never get out of the county alive. After the investigation one of our number was released from prison by the decision of the Judge; the remainder were committed to jail. He also returned with them until a favorable opportunity offered which through the friendship of the Sheriff, Mr. Samuel Hadley, and the Jailor [jailer], Mr. Samuel Tillery, he was let out of the jail secretly, in the night, and being solemnly warned by them to be out of the state with as little delay as possible, he made his escape.-Being pursued by a body of armed men, it was through the direction of a kind providence that he escaped out of their hands and safely arrived in Quincy,
Illinois. This was February, A. D. 1839.
In the May following, the remainder that were in the Liberty Jail, were taken to Daviess county to be tried by a grand jury of the principal mobbers, in order to see if a bill of indictment, could be found as could be expected from the characters of the jury. Bills were found, they obtained a change of venue to Boon county, accordingly the Sheriff of Daviess county, with guards, started to take them from Daviess to Boon county. On their way after journeying a day or two, one evening the guard got drunk they left them, and also made their escape to Quincy, Illinois.
Those that were in Ray county Jail were brought to trial, but no bill of indictment was found against Darwin Chase and Norman Shearer, and they were released and sent home.-A bill was found against Parley P. Pratt, Morris Phelps, and Luman Gibbs for murder, and also a man by the name of King Follet [Follett] for robbery.-They also obtained a change of venue to Boon co., and were carried thither and put into jail and there remained until the fourth of July. At this time the town was all hilarity and mirth at the celebration. They also made a flag and had it placed over the jail doors. In the evening when the Jailor [jailer] brought in their suppers, they walked out at the door: that is, Parley P. Pratt, Morris Phelps, and King Follett; Luman Gibbs continued, the others were closely pursued and Follett was retaken and carried back; but the other two effected their escape to the state of Illinois. some time afterwards King Follett had his trial and was acquitted. Luman Gibbs remains in prison unto this day, 26th October, 1839.
As to those that were left in the Counties of Caldwell and Daviess, they were making all possible exertions to get away all winter, contrary to the stipulations of Gen. Clark and Lucas, granting them the privilege of staying until spring. Bodies of armed men were riding through the town of Far West in the County of Caldwell, threatening death to them if they were not out in the month of February, and otherwise insulting them. They continued however to exert themselves with all possible means in their power; many of them had no teams nor waggons [wagons]. Having been robbed, yes completely robbed of all they had, great exertions therefore had to be made by those who had means. Through great exertions and timely perseverance they succeeded in getting them safely into the State of Illinois, where we all are now and where we have met with a kind reception.
Public meetings were held in Quincy; contributions raised to assist the suffering, and every exertion which humanity dictated was made for our relief.-But still we are, as a people, poor and destitute. We have been robbed of our all and many of us are without houses, living in tents and waggons [wagons]. In consequence of our exposure, we have suffered this summer much sickness and numbers have died, and our prospects for the ensuing winter are gloomy. But gloomy as they are, still we are not discouraged. A large majority of us are farmers, but our teams, as well as our flocks and herds and all our farming materials were taken from us. Many who were independent, are now working by days works, to maintain their families, numbers of them old men, sixty years and upwards.-Such is our true situation, and as such we make our Appeal to the American People.
For the Times & Seasons. Burglary! Treason! ARSON!!! MURDER!!!!
Lt. Col. Smith:- I feel disposed to address you a few lines in relation to one of the darkest events that ever blackened the history of man in his most savage and barbarous state. The history of the Goths and Vandals, the cruel Arabs, or the Savage Indians, does not contain a parallel-the heart sickens at the thought, and turns from the contemplation of it with loathing and disgust. In the year of our Lord 1838, it is generally known, (for it came heralded forth from the Grampion hills of the Saints of light, was written by a celestial messenger on the alter of God, and reflected on the heavenly canopy, that all the world might see,) L. W. Boggs,
Governor of Missouri, and Prince of midnight assassins and cowardly brigands, issued, in the face of high heaven, exterminating order (which was ratified by the Legislature,) against the Mormon people residing within his jurisdiction-directing his general officers, first to "drive them from the state;" second to "intercept their retreat;" and third to "exterminate them" with the weapons of war: but the Mormons threw their banners on the air, and under the proudest motto that ever blazed upon a warrior's shield-Sicut patribus sit Deus nobis; As God was with our fathers, so may he be with us-the great God of battles led his people victors, to this land of peace and plenty-the beloved Illinois-a state that has always shown one of the brightest Stars in the American Constellation-a precious glittering gem on the National Escutcheon, without spot or blemish-but no sooner had they began to build up Nauvoo a great city and resting place for the Saints scattered abroad, than does this same L. W. Boggs, not having the fear of God before his eyes, but being moved and instigated by his father, the devil, demand of his Excellency, Thomas Carlin, governor of Illinois, that a portion of this people shall be given up to the brigaad [brigand ?] authorities of Missouri, or Western Egypt, to be inhumanly [inhumanely] butchered! Look at the brutal, heathen, picture! Missouri wages war on the entire Mormon church-the church of Latter Day Saints-violates their women; shoots down, and scalps, their innocent, defenceless [defenseless], children; confiscates their property, and throws it to the four winds of heaven-brings them from affluence to beggery [beggary] in an hour; and orders them all exterminated, murdered, butchered, by an infuriated, savage, fiendish, diabolical, infernal, Missouri mob of ruthless brigands, or driven from the state-and declares them outlaws from the common family of man: and now, in the year of our Lord 1840, two years after, demands, this self-same people, whom she has wantonly outraged, violated, outlawed, prejudged, and condemned, for the slaughter, charging them with burglary, treason, arson, and murder, four of the foulest crimes in the black catalogue of hellish deeds: and all this in land of boasted liberty -and simply because the Mormons wish, and are determined, to exercise one of our greatest and most dear and sacred constitutional rights-the liberty of conscience-the inestimable privilege of worshiping [worshipping] the God of heaven in the way that they believe to be pointed out! Should they be given up into the hands of wicked men and devils in order to enable them to celebrate a kind of Auto-do-fe, by burning them to the stake, or butchering them in the shambles, at Jefferson city, to satiate Missouri's inordinate thirst for blood? No. They will not be given up. Missouri has too long bathed her hands in crimson gore, and drank the blood of the innocent; she must now be checked in her wild and mad career-she has passed from the palmy state of her political glory to the sear and yellow leaf‚ the civilized world now turns from her with horror and ineffible [ineffable] contempt-and, should it become necessary, (which may God avert,) she must be met-Missouri must be met, not only by the Mormon people, but by the states-and all the friends of liberty and equal rights should gird on their armour [armor], and sware[swear] by the everliving God that the sword shall not depart from the thigh, nor the buckler from the arm until the contest is ended. "And shall not God avenge his own elect, though he bear long with them? I tell you he will avenge them speedily," and that by the strong arm of military power. "Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his Anointed, saying let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision." I tell you God will avenge the wrongs of his people. How accurately and felicitously does the Psalmist describe the situation of the Saints of light when in the hands of the marauding Missouri horde of banditti when he says: "Plead my cause, O Lord, with them that strive with me; fight against them that fight against me. Take hold of shield and buckler, and stand up for mine help. Draw out also the spear, and stop the way against them that persecute me
say into my soul, I am thy salvation. Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek after my soul: let them be turned back and brought to confusion that devise my hurt. Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the Lord chase them. Let their way be dark and slippery: and let the angel of the Lord persecute them. For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul. Let destruction come upon him at unawares; and let his net that he hath hid catch himself: into that very destruction let him fall. And my soul shall be joyful in the Lord: it shall rejoice in his salvation. All my bones shall say, Lord; who is like unto thee, which deliverest the poor from him that is too strong for him, yea, the poor and the needy from him that spoileth Him? False witness did rise up, they laid to my charge things that I knew not.-They rewarded me evil for good to the spoiling of my soul. But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom. I behaved myself as though he had been my friend or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother. But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not: they did tear me, and ceased not: With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth. Lord, how long wilt thou look on? Rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions. I will give thee thanks in the great congregation: I will praise thee among much people. Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me; neither let them wink the eye that hate me without a cause. for they speak not peace: but they devise deceitful matters against them that are quiet in the land. Yea, they opened their mouth wide against me; and said, Aha, aha, our eye hath seen it. This thou hast seen, O Lord: keep not silence; O Lord, be not far from me. Stir up thyself, and awake to my judgment, ever unto my cause, my God and my Lord. Judge me, O Lord my God, according to thy righteousness; and let them not rejoice over me. Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them not say, We have swallowed him up. Let them be ashamed and brouget [brought] to confusion together that rejoice at mine hurt: let them be clothed with shame and dishonor that magnify themselves against me. Let them shout for joy, and be glad, that favor my righteous cause: yea, let them say continually, let the Lord be magnified, which hath pleasure in the prosperity of his servant.-And my tongue shall speak of thy righteousness and of thy praise all the day long."
Missouri has hewn down the innocent and defenceless [defenseless]. it is true, but she is entirely destitute of military knowledge or prowess. The Poet truly describes her citizens when he says-
"Their pow'r to hurt, each little creature feels,
Bulls aim their horns, and asses lift their heels;"
but the blood of the slain is crying from the ground for condign vengeance, and should she continue to pursue her present murderous policy, the day of righteous retribution and the avenging of blood will not be procrastinated-for her plains shall be bleached with the bones of the slain, and her rivers flow with blood, before another massacre will be suffered. More anon. Yours, Respectfully, JOAB, General in Israel.
GOOD NEWS FROM ENGLAND.
The following is an extract of a letter from Elder W. Woodruff to his wife; dated, Manchester, England, July 8th, 1840.
"I am enjoying the best of health and spirits, and am happy; and I never enjoyed myself better while in the vineyard of the Lord, and could I behold the face of my wife and children often, it would greatly add to my joy and consolation: but knowing that we shall have our reward for all the sacrifices that we are called to make in this life, for Christ' sake, and for all that we do in his cause and vineyard; causes me to be reconciled to his will. I wrote a letter to Pres't. J. Smith jr. in company with Elders G. A. Smith, and T. Turley,
June 27th, in which I gave him a brief account of my labors in the vineyard.
We have held two conferences of late, in the South of England where I have been laboring; the first was held at the Godfield Elm Chapel, in Worcestershire, England, June 14th. Elder W. Richards was with me, we had an interesting time; we organized 12 churches, and transacted much business; the other was held on the 21st of June, at Stanlx Hill, Herefordshire, England. Elder Richards and myself conducted the meeting, or conference with the help of God and I never saw more business executed in one day, than on this occasion. We organized 20 churches, ordained 4 elders, 7 priest, 4 teachers; baptized 10, confirmed 20, and blessed 20 children, besides a multitude of other business, and broke bread to several hundred Saints, &c. The work had been so rapid, it was impossible to ascertain the exact number belonging to each branch, but the whole number is 33 churches, 534 members, 75 officers, viz: 10 Elders, 52 priests, and 13 teachers, all of which had embraced the work in less time than four months in a new field which I have opened in Herefordshire, Worcestershire, and Glostershire, and the church now in that place numbers over 600; and the work never in a more prosperous state in that place, than at the present time. I have no doubt but what the churches in that place, will soon number 1000 souls.-We have set all the churches in that region in order, with officers to preside over them: and they, are now baptizing daily in that region: about 50 of those baptized, were preachers of the different orders: between 3 and 400 of the above, I have baptized. So you see the sacrifice, which we are called to make, is not in vain. I feel very thankful to God, for the manner he has blessed me in my labors since I have been in England.
I also attended Conference at the Staffordshire Potteries, in my way to Manchester, and had an interesting time. I arrived in Manchester on the first day of July, and I spent 3 days with the Twelve, and other friends, in writing, transacting business, visiting the Saints, preparing for the conference, &c and had a pleasant time.
On Sunday, the 5th of July, I met with the Saints, and a large congregation of citizens, in the Joiner's Hall, in Manchester, for public worship. This Hall, the Saints have hired for their regular place of meeting, they pay 100 pounds (about $500) yearly; it will seat about 2000 souls: the rent is paid by contribution. There was about one thousand persons present: I preached in the forenoon, and several testified in the afternoon, while we were communing with about 400 Saints: the power of God was upon the people.
Monday, July 6th, the quorum of the Twelve, and a general Conference of the church of Christ, of Latter Day Saints, in Europe, met at the above named place; and we had an interesting day: there were Elders present from almost every church in England, and Scotland; there was 40 churches represented, containing 2,495 members, 59 Elders, 122 Priest, 61 Teachers, 13 Deacons, making an increase of about 824 members, 25 Elders, 70 Priests, 23 Teachers, and 5 Deacons, during the last three months; and 374 members, 9 Elders, 50 Priests, and 13 Teachers of the above number, were added in the Herefordshire churches where I have been laboring.
The foundation is now laid in such a manner in this country, and new doors opening in England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, so that we have every reason to expect a greater increase for three months to come, than has been in the three that are past. I pray God to roll on his work in mighty power in this country, and in all nations, and enable us to be humble in the midst of prosperity, and work righteousness with all diligence, while the day lasts, and learn that it is the mercy, and work of God that giveth us souls as seals to our ministry.
The Elders are mostly leaving Manchester to day for their missions abroad. The Twelve are all well, also Elders Hadlock, and Turley; bro. Clark has a little of the ague. Elder O Pratt was not at our conference but preaching in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, and has baptized 5. Elder Hadlock has established a preaching place in Glasgow, and baptized several. Elder Taylor has baptized 70 in Liverpool, but is intending to visit Ireland. Elder Young
is expecting to remain in Manchester for a season, to assist in printing the book of Mormon. We have 3000 copies of the Hymn book just out of press, which is a good selection. I am going to visit the city of London in about 3 weeks if the Lord will, in company with Elders Kimball, and G. A. smith. We are determined to lift the standard in that City, the Lord being our helper. I remain as ever, Yours &c. W. WOODRUFF.
We are requested to say to all those living in the United States, who have communication by mail, with the following persons, viz: Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, P. P. Pratt, Willard Richards, Wilford Woodruff, and George A. Smith, to direct their letters, papers, and all communications, to 149, Oldham road, Manchester, England. "And should letters be directed to any other friends who are in England, whose names are not given in the above list, they can be forwarded to them from Manchester."-ED.
TIMES AND SEASONS
NAUVOO, ILL. SEPT., 1840
One more number closes the present volume of the Times and Seasons, and then, we shall have waded up through one year, with our little sheet under the most trying circumstances possible: the galling yoke of poverty on the one hand, and sickness and death and disappointment on the other but through the blessigs [blessings] of a kind Providence we have waded up, although we commenced without means, and without houses to shelter our tender families from the storm, or to provide for the wants of life. The causes our poverty, we will not attempt to enumerate they will be found in the great day of accounts, registered in the archives of heaven, in letters of HORROR, against the State of Mo. "Judgement [Judgment] is mine and I will repay saith the Lord," But under these circumstances, we have progressed until now and have received a liberal patronage, for which our patrons have our heart felt grattitude [gratitude].
The progress of the kingdom is such at the present times that it is impossible for our little sheet, published but once a month to keep up with the general news, that, which is of the deepest interest: inasmuch as the volocity [velocity] of truth is so violently rapid, that its paralel [parallel] is not on record; and the prospect grows brighter, and brighter; and the demand for general information is continually increasing: we have thought it wisdom to published the Times and Seasons Semi-monthly, (twice a month,) and in order that our patrons may be prepared, we give this timely notice, and that, the second volume of the Times and Seasons will be published semi-monthly, at TWO DOLLARS per annum payable in all cases in advance. Any person procuring, 10 new subscribers and forwarding us twenty dollars current money, shall receive the eleventh volume gratis. No subscription will be received for a less term than six months, and all letters addresed [addressed] to the publishers must be POST PAID, or they will not be taken out of the office.
All those of our patrons, who wish their papers to be continued will make remittances as soon as practicable, as we shall forward to none except those ordered.
The Gov. of Missouri, after a silence of about two years, has at last, made a demand on Gov. Carlin of Illinois, for J. Smith, jr. S. Rigdon, L. Wight,
P. P. Pratt, Caleb Baldwin, and Alanson Brown, as fugatives [fugitives] from justice. The demand, it seems, has been complied with by Gov. Carlin, and an order issued for their apprehension: accordingly our place has recently received a visit from the Sheriff for these men; but, through the tender mercies of a kind Providence, who by his power has sustained, and once delivered them from the hands of the blood-thirsty and savage race of beings in the shape of men that tread Missouri's delightful soil; they were not to be found; as the Lord would have it, they were gone from home, and the Sheriff returned, of course, without them.
These men do not feel disposed to AGAIN try the solemn realities of mob law in that state; and a free and enlightened republic should respond against it, for Missouri has no claim on them, but they have claim on Missouri. What right have they to demand of Gov. Carlin, as fugatives [fugitives] from justice, men against whom no process had ever been found in that state. No not so much as the form of a process. They were taken by a mob militia, and draged [dragged] from every thing that was dear and sacred, and tried (without their knowledge) by a court martial, condemned to be shot, but failing in this, they were forced into confinement, galled with chains, deprived of the comforts of life, and even that which was necessary to save life, then brought to a pretended trial, without having a legal process served, and then deprived of the privilege of defence [defense]. They were taken by a mob tried, condemed [condemned], and imprisoned by the same; and this Missouri cannot deny. What a beautiful picture Gov. Boggs has presented to the world; after driving 12,000 inhabitants from their homes, forcing them to leave the state under the pain of extermination and confiscating their property, and murdering innocent men, women, and children, then, because that a few made their escape from this murdering hand, and have found protection in a land of equal rights so that his plans and designs have all been unfruitful, to that extent that he has caused Mormonism to spread with double vigor; he now has the presumption to demand them back in order that his thirst for innocent blood may yet be satiated.-He has no business with them, they have not escaped from justice, but from the hands of a cursed, infuriated inhuman, set, or race, of beings who are enemies to their country, to their God, to themselves and to every principle of righteousness and humanity.-They loath christianity and dispise [despise] the people of God, they war against truth and inherit lies; virtue they tread under their feet, while vice with her ten thousand offsprings is their welcome associate, therefore, men on whom Missouri has no claim she cannot no she never shall HAVE.
An address delivered at the funeral of JOSEPH SMITH Sen. late Patriarch of the church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, by R. B. Thompson, September 15th, 1840.
The occasion which has brought us together this day, is one of no ordinary importance, for not only has a single family to mourn and sorrow on accout [account] of the death of the individual, whose funeral obsequies, we this day celebrate; but a whole society; yes, thousands will this day have to say, a Father in Israel is gone. The man whom we have been accustomed to look up to as a Patriarch, a Father and a Counsellor [counselor], is no more an inhabitant of mortality; he has droped [dropped] his clay tenement, bid adieu to terrestrial scenes, and his spirit now free and unincumbered [unencumbered], roams, and expatiates in that world, where the spirits of just men made perfect dwell, and where pain and sickness, tribulation and death cannot come.
The friends we have lost prior to our late venerable, and lamented father, were such as rendered life sweet, and in whose society we took great pleasure, and who shed a lustre [luster] in the several walks of life in which they moved, and to whom we feel endeared by friendship's sacred ties: Their virtues and kindnesses will long be remembered by the sorrowing widow, the disconsolate husband, the weeping children, the almost distracted and heart broken parent, and by a large circle of acquaintances and friends. These like the stars in yonder firmament, shone in their several spheres, and filled that station in which they had been called
by the providence of God; with honor to themselves and to the church: and we feel to mingle our tears with their surviving relatives. But on this occasion, we realize that we have suffered more than an ordinary bereavement, and consequently we feel the more interested. If ever there was a man who had claims on the affections of community; it was our beloved, but now desceased [deceased] patriarch-If ever there was an event calculated to raise the feelings of sorrow in the human breast and cause us to drop the sympathetic tear? it certainly is the present; for truly we can say with the King of Israel, "A Prince and a great ,has fallen in Israel." A man endeared to us by every feeling calculated to entwine around, and adhere to the human heart, by almost indisoluble [indissoluble] bonds. A man faithful to his God and to the church in every situation, and under all circumstances through which he was called to pass. Whither in prosperity, surrounded by the comforts of life, a smiling progeny, and all the enjoyments of the domestic circle; or, when called upon, like the Patriarchs of old, to leave the land of his nativity, to journey in strange lands, and become subject to all the trials and persecutions which have been heaped upon the Saints with a liberal hand, buy characters destitute of every principle of morality or religion, alike regardless of the tender offspring, and the aged sire whose silvery locks, and furrowed cheeks ought to have been a sufficient shield from their cruelty: But like the apostle Paul he could exclaim, (and his life and conduct have fully borne out the sentiment,) "None of these things move me, neither count I my life dear, so that I may finish my course with joy." The principles of the gospel were too well established in that breast, and had got too sure a footing there, ever to be torn down, or prostrated by the fierce winds of porsecution [persecution], the blasts of poverty, or the swolen [swollen] waves of distres [distress] and tribulation. No, thank God, his house was built upon a rock, consequently it stood amid the contending elements, firm and unshaken.
The life of our departed Father has indeed been an eventful one, having to take a conspicuous part in the great work of the last days; being designated by the ancient prophets, who once dwelt on this continent, as the Father of him., whom the Lord had promised to raise up in the last days; to lead his people Israel; and by a uniform, consistant [consistent], and virtuous course, for a long series of years, he has proved himself worthy of such a Son, and such a family, by whom he had the happiness of being surrounded in his dying moments; most of whom had the satisfaction of receiving his dying benediction.
He was already in the wane of life, when the light of truth broke in upon the world, and with pleasure he hailed its benign and enlightening rays, and was chosen by the Almighty to be one of the witnesses to the book of Mormon. From that time his only aim was the promotion of truth, his soul was taken up with the things of the kingdom, his bowels yearned over the children of men; and it was "more than his meat and drink to do the will of his Father which was in heaven.
By unceasing industry, of himself and family, he had secured a home in the state of New York, where he, no doubt expected, with every honest and industrious citizen, to enjoy the blessings of peace and liberty. But when the principles of truth were introduced, and the gospel of Jesus Christ was promulgated by himself and family, friends forsook, enemies raged, and persecution was resorted to by wicked and ungodly men, insomuch [inasmuch]so, that he was obliged to flee from that place and seek a home in a more hospitable land.
In Ohio, he met with many kind and generous friends, and was kindly welcomed by the Saints; many of whom continue to this day, and can call to mind the various scenes which there transpired; many of which were of such a nature, not to be easily obliterated.
While the house of the Lord was building, he took great interest in its erection, and daily watched its progress, and had the pleasure of taking a part at the opening, and seeing it crowded by hundreds of pious worshipers [worshippers[. As the King of Israel longed for and desired to see the completion of the house of the Lord, so did he; and with him he could exclaim, "O Lord, I love the habitation of thine house, and the place were thine honor dwelleth." To dwell in the house of the Lord, and to enquire [inquire]
in his Temple, was his daily delight; and in it he enjoyed many blessings, and spent many hours in sweet communion with his heavenly Father.
He has trod its secret alleys, solitary and alone from mankind, long before the King of day has guilded the eastern horizon; and he has uttered his asperations [aspirations] within its walls, when natures has been asleep. In its holy enclosures have the visions of heaven been opened to his mind, and his soul has feasted on the riches of eternity; and there, under his teachings have the meek and humble been instructed, while the widow and the orphan have received his Patriarchal blessing.
There he saw the work spreading far and wide,-saw the elders of Israel go forth under his blessing, bore them up by the prayer of faith, and hailed them welcome when they again returned bringing their sheaves with them.-There with his aged partner, he spent many happy days, in the bosom of his family, whom he loved with all the tenderness of parental affection. Here I might enlarge and expitiate [expatiate ?] on the "Scenes of joy, and scenes of gladness" which were enjoyed by our beloved Patriarch, but shall pass on to an event which was truly painful and trying.-The delightful scene soon vanished, the calm was succeeded by a storm, and the frail bark was driven by the tempest and foaming ocean, for many who had once been proud to acknowledge him a Father and friend, and who sought council at his hands, joined with the enemies of truth, and sought his destruction; and would have rejoiced to see his aged and venerable form immured in a dungeon: but thank God, this they were not suffered to do; he providentially made his escape, and after evading his enemies for some time, he undertook and accomplished a journey of a thousand miles, and bore up under the fatigue and suffering necessarily attendant on such a journey, with patient resignation. After a journey of several weeks, he arrived in safety at Far West, in the bosom of the church, and was cordialy [cordially] welcomed by the Saints; who had found an assylum [asylum] in the rich and fertile county of Caldwell. There he in common with the rest of the Saints hoped to enjoy, the privileges and blessing of peace-There, from the fertile soil and flowery meads, which well repaid the labor of the husbandman, and poured forth abundance for the support of the numerous herds which decked those lovely, and wide spread prairies, he hoped to enjoy uninterrupted, the comforts of domestic life. But he had not long indulged these pleasing anticipations, before the delightful prospect again vanished, the cup of blessing which he began again to enjoy, was dashed from his aged lips; and the cup of sorrow filled to overflowing was given him instead; and surely he drank it to the very dregs: for, not only did he see the Saints in bondage, treated with cruelty, and some of them murdered; but the kind and affectionate parent, saw; and ah! how painful was the sight, two of his Sons, to whom he looked up to for protection, torn away from their domestic circles, from their weeping and distracted families, by monsters in the shape of men, who swore and threatened to kill them, and who had every disposition to embrew [imbrue ?] their hands in their blood. This circumstance was too much for his agitated, and now sinking frame to bear up under; and although his confidence in his God was great, and his conduct was that of a christian and a saint; yet he felt like a man and a parent. At that time his constiution [constitution] received a shock from which it never recovered. Ah! yes, there were feelings agitated in the bosom of our desceased [deceased] friend at that time, of no ordinary kind, feelings of painful anxiety and emotion, too great for his earthly tabernacle to contain without suffering a great and a sensible injury; and which from that time began to manifest itself.
It would be unnecessary to trace him and his aged partner, (who shared in all his sorrows and affections,) from such a scene, as many of the Saints are knowing to the privations and sufferings, which they in common with the church, suffered while moving from that land of oppression; suffice it to say he arrived in safely in Illinois, broken down in constitution, and in health, and since then he has labored under severe affliction and pain, while disease has been slowly, but surely undermining his system.
Whenever he had a short respite
from pain, he felt a pleasure in attending to his Patriarchal duties, and with cheerfulness he performed them; and frequently his labors have been more than his strength would admit of: but having great zeal for the cause of truth, he felt willing to be spent in the service of his God.
For some time past he has been confined to his bed, and the time of his departure was near at hand. On Saturday evening last, an eruption of a blood vessel took place, when he vomited a large portion of blood. His family were summoned to his beside, it being now evident that he could not long survive. On Sunday he called his children and grand children around him, and like the ancient Patriarchs, gave them his final benediction. Although his strength was far gone, and he was obliged to rest at intervals, yet his mind was clear, perfectly collected, and calm as the gentle zephyrs. The love of God was in his heart, the peace of God rested upon him, and his soul was full of compassion and blessing.-All the circumstances connected with his death, were calculated to lead the mind back to the time, when an Abraham, an Isaac, and a Jacob bid adieu to mortality, and entered into rest.-His death like theirs was sweet, and it certainly was a privilege indeed, to witness such a scene: and I was forcibly reminded of the sentiment of the Poet,
"The chamber where the good man meets his fate,
Is privileged beyond the common walk of virtuous life;"
There were no reflections of a mispent [misspent] life-no fearful forebodings of a gloomy nature in relation to the future, the realities of eternity were dawning, the shades of time were lowring [lowering ?]; but there was nothing to terrify, to alarm, or disturb his mind, no, the principles of the gospel, which "bring life and immortality to light," nobly triumphed in nature's final hour. Those principles so long taught and cherished by our lamented friend, were honorbly [honorably] maintained to the last; which is not only a consolation to the immediate relatives: but to the church at large.
The instructions imparted by him, will long be remembered by his numerous progeny, who will undoubtedly profit buy the same, and strive to tender themselves worthy of such a sire: and that the whole church will copy his examples, walk in his footsteps and emulate his faith, and virtuous actions, and commend themselves to his God and to their God.
Notwithstanding his enemies frequently "shot at him, yet his bow abode in its strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob;" and his courage and resolution never forsook him. His anxiety for the spread of truth was great, and he lived to see great and important things accomplished. He saw the commencement of the work, small as a mustard seed, and with attention and deep interest he watched its progress; and he had the satisfaction of beholding thousands on this continent, rejoicing in its truths, and heard the glorious tidings, that other lands were becoming heirs to its richest blessings. Under these circumstances he could exclaim, like pious Simeon of old "Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace for mine eyes have seen thy salvation."
Although his spirit has taken its flight, and his remains will soon mingle with their mother earth, yet his memory will long be cherished by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance, and will be fresh and blooming, when those of his enemies shall be blotted out from under heaven.
May we, beloved friends, who survive our venerable Patriarch, study to prosecute those things, which were so dear to his aged heart, and pray that a double portion of his spirit may be bestowed on us, that we may be the humble instruments in aiding the consumation [consummation] of the Christ, we may with our departed friend, hear the welcome applaudit [applaud], "Come up hither ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world."-Amen.
TO THE SAINTS ABROAD.
As many of you are anxious to settle with the Saints, we thought best to give you a short description of this County, and the inducements
which it offers to emigrants, this county (Lee county I. T.) is situated between the rivers, Desmoines (Des Moines) and Mississippi, and opposite Hancock co. Ill. There is a town called Nashville, laid out on the rapids of Mississippi river, 5 miles below Nauvoo, which is in the possession of the Saints; a number of Buildings are already built, and others in progress: It is the only good Steam Boat landing on the Rapids, and during a considerable part of the year the Boats on the upper trade receive their freight and passengers at this place, which is brought from the foot of the Rapids, Lighters.
These Rapids afford facilities for hydraulic purposes to any extent necessary; besides there are numerous creeks in this county on which, Machinery and Manufactories can be supplied with a sufficient quantiiy [quantity] of water at all seasons of the year: and for richness of soil, health of climate, morality, enterprise, and industry of its inhabitants; this county is not surpassed by any in the great valey [valley] of the Mississippi. The prairies here have a deep rich soil, and are bordered with beautiful streams and rivulets, supplied with large quantities of excellent timber. Several hundred of the Saints have settled in this county, and organized themselves into five different branches of the church and all under the superintendance [superintendent] of a President, Bishop and High council. Large tracts of excellent land can be purchased on very liberal terms in almost all parts of the county: but in Nashville and vicinity, the greatest facilities are now offered: Town lots, as well as farming lands adjacent to the town can be purchased on very liberal terms, also a very large stone building designed as a place of public worship; and a Seminary of learning is in contemplation.
There is a Ferry on the Mississppi [Mississippi] at this place and those emigrating to this part of the country, will find it most convenient to cross here: and to this place we invite our brethren and friends, by the unanimous vote of this branch of the church, of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, convened at Nashville this 23d day of August 1840. And that you may be preserved spotless to the coming of the Lord Jesus, is the prayer of your brethren, in the new and everlasting covenants.
JOHN SMITH, Prs't. GEORGE W. GEE, Clerk.
MEDICAL CONVENTION OF ILLINOIS.
To the Medical Profession of Illinois. At a meeting of a number of the Physicians and Surgeons of the State of Illinois, convened in Springfield, on the 9th of June, 1840, for the purpose of making preliminary arrangements for the organization of a State Medical Society, the undersigned were appointed a committee of correspondence, and as such, directed to address you on that subject. It was proposed that the medical men of the State of Illinois, should assemble in Convention, at Springfield, on the first Monday of December next, and then and there proceed to the complete organization of the Illinois State Medical Society-the convention to be composed of one or more delegates from each County in the State. This proposition was unanimously adopted; and we now call upon you to cooperate with us in the consummation of so desirable a result. Hitherto we have been like a vessel cast upon a boisterous ocean, without compass of helm; we have acted solitary and alone, without harmony or concert; but when we see hundreds of our fellow citizens and worthy friends, annually sacrificed by the empirical prescriptions of charletan [charlatan] practitioners, on the altars of ignorance, erected within the very temple of Æsculapius, by rude and unskilful [unskillful] hands, is it not time for us to act?-We think so: not however, by declaring war against mountebanks and uneducated pretenders to the art of healing within our borders; but by digesting a plan that shall be calculated in its legitimate operations to benefit the people, instruct the unlearned, improve ourselves, and elevate the entire profession above all mercenary considerations to a station of superior mental, moral and medical excellence. Already do our forests groan under the axeman's hand, and our prairies swarm with a busy, free and enterprising population; in Agriculture and Commerce, we are rapidly approximating to the level of the oldest States: our citizens are rearing Colleges and Universities
for mental culture; our Divines and Lawyers have already attained a high rank and an elevated standing; and, shall medicine be wholly neglected? Is law of more consequence than medicine or property more valuable than life? If not, let us not be behind our sister States in our efforts to improve our profession, and place it on a level with that of law. We ask not the protection of legal power, nor do we require the strong arm of legislative enactment to sustain us. We place ourselves before the public on our true merits, having a strong and abiding confidence in the wisdom of the people. All we require is a concerted effort, to enable us to diffuse true and useful medical knowledge-and this we ask. It is due to the profession and to humanity, now, and in all time to come. We hope then to see a general attendance on the day proposed.
J. C. BENNETT, of Nauvoo. J. TODD, of Springfield.
C. V. DYER, of Chicago. W. S. WALLACE, do
A. W. BOWEN, of Juliet. D. TURNEY, of Fairfield.
M. HELM, of Springfield C. F. HUGHES, of Rochester.
E. H. HERRYMAN, of Springfield I. S. BERRY, of Vandalia.
F. A. McNEIL, do B. H. HART, of Alton.
Nauvoo, Illinois, Sept. 25, 1840.
The Editorial Corps of the State of Illinois, friendly to the medical profession, the advancement of science, or the diffusion of true medical lore, are respectfully requested to publish the above notice in their respective journals-the invitation is not confined to a mere delegation, or the elite of the profession, but is extended to the entire Corps Medicale of Illinois; and it is sincerely hoped that there will be a great gathering of the Faculty, at the time and place above mentioned. J. C. BENNETT, Secretary to the above meeting.
A new Post Office has been established at Ambrosia, Lee county, Iowa Territory, and George W. Gee appointed Postmaster.
CIRCULAR LETTER. Quarter Master General's Office, Nauvoo, Illinois, Oct. 2nd, 1840.
To the Commandants of Independent Companies:-On the 26th ultimo, in obedience to the commands of our worthy Governor, I made the designation, and requisition, on the Ordnance Department, at Washington, for the public arms due this State, from the General Government, for the years, 1838, '39, and '40, directing that said arms be consigned to the care of the Warden of the Penitentiary, at Alton, subject to my orders-but the vouchers in ,my possession being insufficient to authorise [authorize] me to proceed to their distribution, when received, (with the exception of those appertaining to the Companies at Quincy, Chicago, Juliet, and Nauvoo, which will soon be supplied,) you are hereby directed to procure from His Excellency, Thomas Carlin, Commander-in-Chief, to this Department, special official orders, in relation to your respective commands, which will be filled in order of date, unto the entire distribution is consummated,-you will, therefore, please to take notice and govern yourselves accordingly, without further delay. Editors of News papers in this State are respectfully requested to publish the foregoing for the information and benefit of the Independent Corps Militaire of Illinois. J. C. BENNETT, Quarter Master General of Illinois.
MARRIED-In this place, Aug. 23nd by elder Neuman J. Blodget, Mr. Jesse P. Reed, to Miss. Mary Burk.
On the 13th of July, by elder J. W. Miller, Mr. Alworthy Leach to Miss. Rebeca [Rebecca ?] Wilcox both of Adams co. Ill.
DIED-In this place, July 29, 1840. Mary Hawkins, in the 27th year of her age.
-In this place, Aug. 22nd, Nancy R. Thompson, aged 40 years, and 5 months.
-In this place, on the 18th Inst John F. Thomson, aged 11 years and 4 days.
-In this place, Aug. 10th Leut. Col. Seymour Brunson, aged 40 years, 10 months and 23 days. Col. Brunson, was one among the first elders; he has always been a lively stone in the building of God: he was much respected by his friends and acquaintances; he died in the triumphs of faith, and in his dying moments he bore testimony to the gospel he had embraced by which "life and immortality was bro't to light."
-On Crooked Creak, near Fountaingreen of Nervous Fever on the 18th Inst Sister Anna P. Johnson, Consort of elder Joel H. Johnson, aged 40 years, one month, and four days.-Sister Johnson embraced the gospel in May 1831 at Amherst Ohio, and has ever manifested an unshaken confidence in the same, both by word and deed. She was a kind and attentive companion, and a tender and offectionnate [affectionate] mother. She died rejoicing in the hope of a glorious resurrection among the just.
-In this place, Aug. 29th Widow Sarah Beeman, aged 65 years, 2 months and 12 days. Sister Beaman embraced the gospel in N. Y. near where the work commenced, and was in affluent circumstances, surrounded with this worlds goods, but she has always manifested a zeal for righteousness which is worthy of imitation; and always willing to suffer for the sake of the gospel. She lived respected, and died lamented.
-In this place, on the 2nd day of August last, Tabitha Talle, consort of Lewis Talle, aged 35 years.
-On the 17 of July in Lee county Iawa [Iowa] Territory Sarah Emma Woodruff aged 2 years and 3 days.
Thus the iron hand of death, There was no bell for to toll,
Laid heavy on, and stopped the breath, But many a briny tear did fall-
Of one who lived but to beguile, With anxious looks our hearts did tell,
Our lonely moments, with a smile. Little Sarah, dear, farewell!
Beloved she lived, beloved she died, Ye, little Sarah, lovely one,
Her fathers joy and mothers pride- Sleep on, sleep on, till Christ shall come-
Beloved by all who did her see, Then thou wilt rise, shake off they dust,
Yea, and more beloved by me. And be numbered with the just.
For deligate [delegate]to Congress from Iowa, AUGUSTUS C. DODGE.
For Council from Lee county, EDWARD JOHNSON.
AGENTS FOR THE TIMES AND SEASON.
Benj. Winchester, Philadelph [Philadelphia]
Stephen Post, Centreville, Crawford Co.
Charles Carter, P.M. Beaver, Beaver Co.
Wm. P. McIntire, Strongstown, Indiana Co.
NEW YORK. Joseph L. Robinson, West Leyden Lewis Co.
MASSACHUSETTS. Nathaniel Holmes, Georgetown. Essex Co.
NEW HAMPSHIRE. Chilon Rack, P. M. Gilsum,
Zadock Parker, Lisbon, Grafton Co.
TENNESSE [Tennessee]. T. K. Witcher, P. M. Whitleyville, Jackson Co.
Wm. J. Dixon, P. M Centerpoint, Ky.
John Taylor, Willard Richards,
Hyram Clark, Wilford Woodruff,
Theodore Turley, Joseph P. Field
Brigham Young, George A. Smith,
P. P. Pratt.
SCOTLAND Samuel Mulliner, Edinburgh.
TRAVELLING [traveling] AGENTS. John E. Page Orson Hyde,
Lorenzo Barns, Albert Brown,
Samuel James, James Blakeslee,
Almon Babbit, Joseph Wood.
SOUTH CAROLINA Lysander M. Davis.
NORTH CAROLINA Jedadiah M. Grant.
THE TIMES AND SEASONS.
Is printed and published every month at Nauvoo, Hancock co., Ill. by E. ROBINSON AND D. C. SMITH, EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
TERMS: ONE DOLLAR per annum, payable, in all cases in advance. Any person procuring 10 subscribers, and forwarding us ten dollars current money, shall receive one volume gratis. Letters on business must be addressed to the Publishers POST PAID.