Cuestiones mormonismo y de género

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Cuestiones Mormonismo y de género



Cuestiones Mormonismo y de género: Mujeres

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Actas de la Conferencia de 2012 FAIR, "Para hacer el negocio de la Iglesia: un paradigma de cooperación para la Participación Examinar por género dentro de la iglesia Estructura Organizacional"

Neylan McBaine,  Actas de la Conferencia de 2012 FAIR, (August 2012)
Voy a hablar hoy acerca de cómo las mujeres encajan en la estructura funcional del gobierno de la iglesia mormona, pero, a diferencia de muchos de los otros que hablan hoy en día, no tengo títulos avanzados en mi tema ni me considero un académico. Mis credenciales como alguien calificado para hablar sobre este tema provienen de: primero, toda una vida de experiencia personal como mujer en la Iglesia y ahora la madre de tres hijas, en segundo lugar, mi papel como fundador, en 2010, de una organización sin fines de lucro , el Proyecto Mujer Mormón, que publica historias de fieles SUD mujeres de todo el mundo, y tercero, una carrera de doce años en marketing y estrategia de marca, incluyendo mi puesto actual como director creativo asociado de propiedad de la Iglesia Bonneville Communications, la agencia asociado con la Iglesia en Mormon.org y el "yo soy un mormón" campaña.

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El función de la mujer en la Iglesia mormona


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El función de la mujer en la Iglesia

Sacerdocio

Sumario: ¿Por qué las mujeres no ejercen la autoridad del sacerdocio en la Iglesia?

Casados ​​y solteros

Sumario: Algunas personas afirman que la Iglesia devalúa los que no están casados ​​y los que no tienen hijos.

Mujeres como profetas en la antigüedad

Sumario: El Antiguo y el Nuevo Testamento habla de mujeres profetas. Por qué no hay mujeres profetas en la iglesia hoy?

¿Las mujeres mormonas enseñan a estar al servicio de los hombres?

Sumario: En un artículo inédito "Las mujeres mormonas, Prozac y Terapia", de Kent Ponder (con derecho de autor de 2003, disponible en Internet), la idea se plantea que las mujeres en la iglesia mormona se les enseña a ser "sumiso" a los hombres y son considerados "de segunda clase eternamente inalterable." Entre algunas de sus declaraciones más coloridos son los reclamos que se espera que las mujeres sean "gratitud servil a los varones mormones" y que las mujeres deben "no aspirar ... al pensamiento independiente".

Mujeres rezando en la iglesia

Sumario: ¿Pueden las mujeres abrir reuniones de la Iglesia con la oración?


¿Es posible que las enseñanzas mormonas acerca de la maternidad han supuesto una carga indebida sobre las mujeres?


Algunos afirman que las enseñanzas mormonas acerca de la maternidad han supuesto una carga indebida sobre SUD familias, especialmente las mujeres.

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Maternidad

Control de la natalidad

Sumario: ¿Cuál es la postura de la Iglesia de Jesucristo de los Santos de los Últimos Días en el control de la natalidad? El Manual General de Instrucciones establece: "Los esposos deben ser considerados con sus esposas, que tienen una gran responsabilidad no sólo para tener hijos, sino también para cuidar de ellos durante la niñez .... Las parejas casadas deben buscar la inspiración del Señor en el cumplimiento de sus retos maritales y criar a sus hijos de acuerdo con las enseñanzas del Evangelio ".

El aborto

Sumario: ¿Cuál es la postura de la Iglesia sobre el aborto? ¿Es el aborto un asesinato? Los miembros de la Iglesia consideran a las familias como la base de los cielos. El tener hijos es, pues, una fuente de alegría y de gran responsabilidad. Los profetas de Dios han enseñado que el aborto es un pecado grave, salvo que se ponga en peligro la salud de la madre o cuando el embarazo es producto de violación o incesto. Incluso en estos casos excepcionales, los miembros deben buscar un aborto sólo después de asesoramiento con el Señor


Las cuestiones políticas y sociales relacionadas con la mujer en la Iglesia


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Las cuestiones políticas y sociales relacionadas con la mujer en la Iglesia

Dar prioridad a la iglesia sobre la familia

Sumario: Algunas personas afirman que la Iglesia les enseña a poner el servicio en la Iglesia (por ejemplo, en llamamientos de la Iglesia) sobre las necesidades de sus familias. Sin embargo, la doctrina de la Iglesia pone a la familia en el centro de la vida de uno. En caso de conflicto, la familia debe tener prioridad sobre las responsabilidades de la Iglesia.

El abuso sexual, asalto, violación y el incesto

Sumario: La Iglesia condena los pecados de asalto sexual, abuso, incesto y violación pecados tan extremadamente graves, teniendo en cuenta a las víctimas inocentes de hacer el mal.

¿Enseña la Iglesia que las víctimas de agresión sexual deben luchar hasta la muerte?

Sumario: ¿Los líderes de la Iglesia enseñan que aquellos sujetos a abuso sexual o asalto debe luchar hasta la muerte o ser considerado culpable de pecado? Por supuesto que no.

Enmienda de Igualdad de Derechos

Sumario: Algunos suponen que porque la Iglesia se opuso a la propuesta de "Igualdad de Derechos" Enmienda, que la Iglesia se opuso a la igualdad de derechos para las mujeres. De hecho, la Iglesia no se oponía a la igualdad de derechos para las mujeres, sino que más bien se opone a otras consecuencias potenciales de la ERA. Líderes de la Iglesia consideró que la efectividad tendría un impacto negativo sobre los derechos y las familias de las mujeres. Por otra parte, la Iglesia consideró que la Constitución ya prohibía la discriminación sexual y que una enmienda no era necesaria.


Cuestiones doctrinales relacionadas con la mujer en la Iglesia


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Cuestiones doctrinales relacionadas con la mujer en la Iglesia

¿Pueden las mujeres ser "Hijos de Perdición?"

Sumario: ¿Hay mujeres que estarían entre los arrojados a las tinieblas? ¿Hay mujeres 'Hijos de Perdición'? FAIR no tiene conocimiento de ninguna posición oficial de la Iglesia sobre este tema. Existe alguna evidencia en contra de la idea. La idea de que las mujeres no pueden llegar a ser "hijos de perdición" probablemente proviene de DC 84:40-41: "Por lo tanto, todos los que reciben el sacerdocio reciben este juramento y convenio de mi Padre, que él no puede quebrantar, ni tampoco puede ser traspasado . Pero el que violare este convenio, después de haberlo recibido, y lo abandonare totalmente, no tendrá perdón de los pecados en este mundo ni en el mundo por venir ".


La Iglesia es acusada de personas que rechazan que experimentan atracción por el mismo sexo

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  • La Iglesia es acusada de rechazar las personas que experimentan atracción por el mismo sexo.
  • La Iglesia es acusada de rechazar personas que se identifican como gays, lesbianas o bisexuales.

Ensign, "Why We Do Some of the Things We Do"

Gordon B. Hinckley,  Ensign, (Nov 1999)
I emphasize this, I wish to say that our opposition to attempts to legalize same-sex marriage should never be interpreted as justification for hatred, intolerance, or abuse of those who profess homosexual tendencies, either individually or as a group. As I said from this pulpit one year ago, our hearts reach out to those who refer to themselves as gays and lesbians. We love and honor them as sons and daughters of God. They are welcome in the Church. It is expected, however, that they follow the same God-given rules of conduct that apply to everyone else, whether single or married.

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Ensign, "Atracción del mismo sexo"

Dallin H. Oaks,  Ensign, (Oct 1995)
[W]e should always distinguish between sinful acts and inappropriate feelings or potentially dangerous susceptibilities. We should reach out lovingly to those who are struggling to resist temptation. The First Presidency did this in their 14 November 1991 letter. After reaffirming the sinful nature of “fornication, adultery, and homosexual and lesbian behavior,” the Presidency added: “Individuals and their families desiring help with these matters should seek counsel from their bishop, branch president, stake or district president. We encourage Church leaders and members to reach out with love and understanding to those struggling with these issues. Many will respond to Christlike love and inspired counsel as they receive an invitation to come back and apply the atoning and healing power of the Savior.

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The Church does not reject those who experience same-sex attraction. It is possible to experience same-sex attraction and be a faithful member in full fellowship. If those feelings take the form of an intimate physical relationship, then this is considered a sin in the same manner as when heterosexual feelings take the form of an intimate physical relationship outside of marriage.

Proceedings of the 2012 FAIR Conference, "Navigating the Labyrinth Surrounding Homosexual Desire"

Joshua Johanson,  Proceedings of the 2012 FAIR Conference, (August 2012)
There is a labyrinth surrounding homosexuality that is becoming increasingly difficult to navigate. More and more it seems the two sides are talking past each other. I chose the title of Navigating the Labyrinth Surrounding Homosexual Desire because I think understanding the difference between having same-sex attractions and having homosexual desires is key to understanding how to navigate this labyrinth.

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La atracción del mismo sexo

Bullying and unkindness

Sumario: It is claimed that LDS teachings against homosexual acts lead to bullying of gay youth or unchristian treatment of members or non-members with same-sex attraction. The Church has consistently taught that all people are children of God, and ought to be treated with love, dignity, and respect. They have specifically mentioned people with same-sex attraction, including those who act on their attractions.

Are family members taught to reject their LGBT children forcing many of them to become homeless?

Sumario: It is claimed the LDS church encourages families to reject youth who are attracted to the same sex, identify as gay or participate in homosexual behavior, leading to a higher rate of homeless youth among Mormon families. In fact, LGBT youth nationwide are homeless at a higher rate than other youth regardless of religious affiliation. No causal connection has ever been made between being LDS, LGBT, and homeless. Furthermore, LDS scripture makes clear that parents have a duty to care for their children regardless of the circumstances.

Church support of non-discrimination ordinances

Sumario: Since the Church teaches that homosexual conduct is sinful, does this mean it opposes efforts to protect those who engage in homosexual acts? The Church sustains the principle that all citizens are equal before the law. Members of the Church are particularly sensitized to this issue because of their long history of persecution at the hands of private citizens and government agents in the nineteenth century. Even though Church members may disagree with the choices made by those who engage in homosexual acts, the Church has endorsed various measures to ensure fair treatment and others who are attracted to the same sex.

Difficulties

Sumario: Church leaders have encouraged members to be particularly kind and compassionate to those struggling with SSA. What are some of the unique challenges or difficulties faced by such members?  [Necesita traducción]

Persist beyond death?

Sumario: Does attraction to the same sex persist beyond death?  [Necesita traducción]

Eternal fate of those unmarried?

Sumario: In his article in the Encyclopedia of Mormonism, James T. Duke explains the LDS doctrine on this subject: "People who live a worthy life but do not marry in the temples, for various reasons beyond their control, which might include not marrying, not having heard the gospel, or not having a temple available so that the marriage could be sealed for eternity, will at some time be given this opportunity. Latter-day Saints believe it is their privilege and duty to perform these sacred ordinances vicariously for deceased progenitors, and for others insofar as possible."

Marriage as therapy?

Sumario: It is claimed that Church leaders have advocated that those with same-sex attraction marry those of the opposite sex as part of the "therapy" for overcoming their same-sex desires or inclinations. The prophets and general authorities have, in their written statements, long been clear that marriage is not to be seen as a "treatment" for same-sex attraction.

Marriage as a possibility

Sumario: It is claimed it is harmful for Church leaders to allow those with same-sex attraction to voluntarily enter into a marriage. The Church has warned against entering into a marriage under false pretense, but there is no evidence that when done openly and honestly, these types of marriages fair any worse than other types of marriages.

Why do some people have same-sex attraction?

Sumario: What have past and present Church leaders taught about why some people are attracted to the same sex? The Church does not have an official position on the causes for same-sex attraction. Many Church leaders have indicated that we do not know the cause(s), and that this is a question for science.

President Boyd K. Packer's October 2010 conference talk

Sumario: On October 10, 2010, President Boyd K. Packer of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles spoke during the Church's semi-annual general conference. Portions of President Packer's talk caused a firestorm of protest and, often, misrepresentation. This article examines President Packer's address, and compares it to past talks given by President Packer. As will be seen, President Packer's address has been misunderstood and misrepresented.

Terminology

Sumario: Why does FairMormon (and other LDS sources) typically refer to homosexual/gay/lesbian issues with such terms as "same-sex attraction" and heterosexual/straight issues with such terms as "opposite-sex attraction"?

Can a person identify as gay or lesbian and still be a member of the Church in good standing?

Sumario: It is asserted that: 1) Members are encouraged to lie about their sexual orientation, 2) This isolates them from other members, and 3) Denying your sexual identity is harmful. Those who identify as straight, gay or bisexual are welcome in the Church and can go on as all other members. When a person joins the Church, they take upon themselves the name of Christ. We are taught to shun any identity which conflicts with this identity. The Church recognizes that a person's orientation is a core characteristic, but emphasizes that it is not the only one. We are encouraged not to identify ourselves primarily by our sexual feelings, but this is different than being closeted. We are not encouraged to lie or pretend to have another sexual orientation. This counsel extends to all, regardless of sexual orientation.

Aversion therapy performed at BYU in the 1970's

Sumario: What was the history of BYU and aversion therapy for treating homosexuality in the 1970's? How did that relate to medical and psychological science as understood at that time? What was the role of the Church in BYU's treatments?

Are members with same-sex attraction encouraged to be closeted or lie about their attractions?

Sumario: Member with same-sex attractions are not encouraged to lie or hide their sexual attractions or to isolate themselves from others. All members are encouraged to avoid labels and not to identify themselves primarily by their sexual feelings. However, there is a difference between not identifying yourself primarily by your sexual feelings, and being "closeted". A person can be honest, share their feelings with others and be comfortable with who they are, including their sexuality, while still realizing that they are first and foremost a child of God.

What are the ramifications from denying a gay identity?

Sumario: Critics argue that in order to be happy and healthy, a person with same-sex attraction needs to identify as gay and have a same-sex relationship. The church encourages members to view themselves as sons and daughters of God, and discourages any identity that interferes with that identity. Members who refer to themselves as straight, gay or lesbian are free to go on as all other members, but are advised not to identify themselves primarily by their sexual feelings.

Feelings versus acts

Sumario: What have past and present Church leaders taught about the distinction (if any) between sexual temptations, desires, feelings, or inclinations, and sexual acts?

Being able to associate with people with same-sex attraction

Sumario: Does the church allow people with same-sex attraction to associate with each other?

Did Christ teach against same-sex relationships during his mortal ministry?

Sumario: Some critics have asserted that our stance on same-sex relationships are not substantiated by the teachings of Christ during his mortal minstry. This is not the case. Christ taught a very strict law for sexual morality. He taught against sexual relationships outside of marriage and that marriage was between a man and a woman. While he did not specifically teach against the modern concept of same-sex relationships, he was clear that the only legitimate expression of sexuality was in a marriage between a man and woman.

Why wasn't the prohibition against same-sex relationships recinded when the rest of the law of Moses was recinded?

Sumario: While the law of Moses was fulfilled in Christ, Christ specifically taught against fornication and adultery, which would include same-sex relationships. After Peter received a vision that the law of Moses had been fulfilled, the prohibition against fornication remained intact.

Early LDS did not oppose homosexual acts?

Sumario: It is claimed that Joseph Smith and other nineteenth century Mormons were not strenuously opposed to same-sex acts or intimacy, and that the modern Church's opposition to homosexual conduct is a later aberration. Historian D. Michael Quinn's book, Same-Sex Dynamics Among Nineteenth-Century Americans: A Mormon Example is almost solely responsible for this claim. Quinn's methodology and conclusions are shoddy, and have been severely criticized by LDS and non-LDS historians.

False analogy between same-sex marriage and the priesthood ban

Sumario: An examination and comparison of the differences between the way the Church approaches same-sex attraction as opposed to the Priesthood ban.

False analogy between same-sex marriage and plural marriage

Sumario: An examination and comparison of the differences between the way the Church approaches same-sex attraction as opposed to plural marriage.

Latter-day Saints and California Proposition 8

Sumario: The passage of California Proposition 8 during the November 2008 election has generated a number of criticisms of the Church regarding a variety of issues including the separation of church and state, the Church's position relative to people who experience same-sex attraction, accusations of bigotry by members, and the rights of a non-profit organization to participate in the democratic process on matters not associated with elections of candidates.